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      Perspective-taking: Decreasing stereotype expression, stereotype accessibility, and in-group favoritism.

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      Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
      American Psychological Association (APA)

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          Abstract

          Using 3 experiments, the authors explored the role of perspective-taking in debiasing social thought. In the 1st 2 experiments, perspective-taking was contrasted with stereotype suppression as a possible strategy for achieving stereotype control. In Experiment 1, perspective-taking decreased stereotypic biases on both a conscious and a nonconscious task. In Experiment 2, perspective-taking led to both decreased stereotyping and increased overlap between representations of the self and representations of the elderly, suggesting activation and application of the self-concept in judgments of the elderly. In Experiment 3, perspective-taking reduced evidence of in-group bias in the minimal group paradigm by increasing evaluations of the out-group. The role of self-other overlap in producing prosocial outcomes and the separation of the conscious, explicit effects from the nonconscious, implicit effects of perspective-taking are discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
          Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
          American Psychological Association (APA)
          1939-1315
          0022-3514
          2000
          2000
          : 78
          : 4
          : 708-724
          Article
          10.1037/0022-3514.78.4.708
          10794375
          d9024b2c-4359-458f-9a50-8cea5f968dcd
          © 2000
          History

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