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      Pharmacokinetics of Levonorgestrel in 18 Women after 1 Month of Treatment with a Triphasic Oral Contraceptive

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          Abstract

          A triphasic levonorgestrel (LNG)- and ethinylestradiol-containing oral contraceptive was administered to 18 women. Plasma samples were obtained throughout a treatment cycle just before drug administration and on the last treatment day (day 21), several plasma samples were collected from each individual up to 48 h postadministration. LNG was determined by radioimmunoassay in all plasma samples. In addition, the concentration of sex-hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) was determined in plasma samples collected from the same subjects during treatment, as well as during a pre- and a posttreatment cycle. During the treatment cycle, plasma levels of LNG determined just before drug administration increased and reached steady state at about day 16. This increase was due to an increased dose of LNG according to the triphasic dose regimen, a concomitantly ethinylestradiol-induced increase in SHBG and due to pharmacokinetic accumulation, since LNG had a terminal half-life of approximately 28.5 h and the dosing interval was 24 h. Steady-state levels and pharmacokinetic parameters of LNG determined on the last day of treatment were in good accordance with previously published results.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1991
          1991
          02 December 2008
          : 35
          : 5
          : 178-181
          Affiliations
          Research Laboratories, Schering, Berlin, FRG
          Article
          181898 Horm Res 1991;35:178–181
          10.1159/000181898
          1802819
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

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