9
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Autoimmune disease as a consequence of developmental abnormality of a T cell subpopulation

      research-article

      The Journal of Experimental Medicine

      The Rockefeller University Press

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Neonatal thymectomy (NTx), especially around day 3 after birth, causes various organ-specific autoimmune diseases in mice. This report shows that: (a) T cells expressing the interleukin 2 receptor alpha chains (CD25) ontogenically begin to appear in the normal periphery immediately after day 3, rapidly increasing within 2 wk to nearly adult levels (approximately 10% of CD3+ cells, especially of CD4+ cells); (b) NTx on day 3 eliminates CD25+ T cells from the periphery for several days; inoculation immediately after NTx of CD25+ splenic T cells from syngeneic non-Tx adult mice prevents autoimmune development, whereas inoculation of CD25- T cells even at a larger dose does not; and furthermore, (c) similar autoimmune diseases can be produced in adult athymic nu/nu mice by inoculating either spleen cell suspensions from 3- d-old euthymic nu/+ mice or CD25+ cell-depleted spleen cell suspensions from older, even 1-yr-old, nu/+ mice. The CD25- populations from neonates or adults are also similar in the profile of cytokine formation. These results, taken together, indicate that one aspect of peripheral self-tolerance is maintained by CD25+ T cells that sustain potentially pathogenic self-reactive T cells in a CD25- dormant state; the thymic production of the former is developmentally programmed to begin on day 3 after birth in mice. Thus, NTx on day 3 can, at least transiently, eliminate/reduce the autoimmune-preventive CD25+ T cells, thereby leading to activation of the self-reactive T cells that have been produced before NTx.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Exp Med
          The Journal of Experimental Medicine
          The Rockefeller University Press
          0022-1007
          1540-9538
          1 August 1996
          : 184
          : 2
          : 387-396
          Article
          96343849
          2192701
          8760792
          Categories
          Articles

          Medicine

          Comments

          Comment on this article