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      Psychosomatic medicine.

      1 ,
      International journal of clinical practice
      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Abstract

          Psychosomatic medicine may be defined as a comprehensive, interdisciplinary framework for: assessment of psychological factors affecting individual vulnerability as well as course and outcome of illness; biopsychosocial consideration of patient care in clinical practice; specialist interventions to integrate psychological therapies in the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of medical disease. The aim of this review was to provide an updated definition of psychosomatic medicine, to outline its boundaries with related disciplines and to illustrate its main contributions to clinical and preventive medicine. A review of the psychosomatic literature, using both Medline and manual searches, with particular reference to articles, which could be relevant to clinical practice, was performed. Current advances in the field have practical implications for medical research and practice, with particular reference to the role of lifestyle, the challenge of medically unexplained symptoms, the psychosocial needs entailed by chronic illness, the appraisal of therapy beyond pharmaceutical reductionism, the function of the patient actively contributing to his/her health. Today, the field of psychosomatic medicine is scientifically rigorous, more diversified and therapeutically relevant than ever before.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Int. J. Clin. Pract.
          International journal of clinical practice
          Wiley-Blackwell
          1742-1241
          1368-5031
          Jul 2010
          : 64
          : 8
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Laboratory of Psychosomatics and Clinimetrics, Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. giovanniandrea.fava@unibo.it
          Article
          IJCP2266
          10.1111/j.1742-1241.2009.02266.x
          20642714
          d967484d-ede7-4f3e-b7d6-b32564e3c045
          History

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