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      The use of push-pull strategies in integrated pest management.

      1 , ,
      Annual review of entomology
      Annual Reviews

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          Abstract

          Push-pull strategies involve the behavioral manipulation of insect pests and their natural enemies via the integration of stimuli that act to make the protected resource unattractive or unsuitable to the pests (push) while luring them toward an attractive source (pull) from where the pests are subsequently removed. The push and pull components are generally nontoxic. Therefore, the strategies are usually integrated with methods for population reduction, preferably biological control. Push-pull strategies maximize efficacy of behavior-manipulating stimuli through the additive and synergistic effects of integrating their use. By orchestrating a predictable distribution of pests, efficiency of population-reducing components can also be increased. The strategy is a useful tool for integrated pest management programs reducing pesticide input. We describe the principles of the strategy, list the potential components, and present case studies reviewing work on the development and use of push-pull strategies in each of the major areas of pest control.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Annu Rev Entomol
          Annual review of entomology
          Annual Reviews
          0066-4170
          0066-4170
          2007
          : 52
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK. sam.cook@bbsrc.ac.uk
          Article
          10.1146/annurev.ento.52.110405.091407
          16968206
          d9b6c9f1-57a5-431b-99d4-feefa94980e7
          History

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