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      Oxyphil Cell Function in Secondary Parathyroid Hyperplasia

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Oxyphil cell, Parathyroid hormone, In situ hybridization, Heterotransplantation, Parathyroid hyperplasia

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          Abstract

          Oxyphil cell function in secondary parathyroid hyperplasia due to chronic renal failure was evaluated using in situ hybridization and heterotransplantation of parathyroid tissue. In situ hybridization and histologic analysis were performed on continuous frozen sections using 22 parathyroid tissues. A restricted area composed exclusively of oxyphil cells was observed in 10 specimens, and an area of only chief cells was found in 12 specimens. Silver grains demonstrating the existence of parathyroid hormone (PTH) mRNA were 18.8 ± 7.8 (mean ± SD) in oxyphil cells while those in chief cells were 17.2 ± 7.5. PTH mRNA was abundant in both the oxyphil and chief cells. Further analysis of oxyphil cell function was assessed by the heterotransplantation of parathyroid nodules, consisting exclusively of oxyphil or chief cells, into nude mice. The function of these implants was assessed by measuring the concentration of human intact PTH which did not cross-react with mouse PTH. Serum PTH concentrations were correlated with the volume of implanted tissue. Elevations of PTH concentrations were similar in the mice transplanted with oxyphil or chief cells, indicating that both cell types had similar PTH secretory activity. The basic histologic characteristics of both cell types were not altered following transplantation. These results demonstrate that oxyphil cells in secondary parathyroid hyperplasia synthesize and secrete PTH, and that this secretion contributes to the pathophysiology of hyperparathyroidism.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          19 December 2008
          : 73
          : 4
          : 580-586
          Article
          189144 Nephron 1996;73:580–586
          10.1159/000189144
          8856255
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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