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      Toxic Acute Renal Failure and Hepatitis after Ingestion of Raw Carp Bile

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          Abstract

          The raw carp bile has both nephrotoxic and hepatotoxic effects which are not well known. Recently, we studied 13 patients who had toxic acute renal failure and toxic hepatitis after ingestion of raw bile of carp in 3, grass carp in 8 and silver carp in 2 cases. The purpose of this report is to alert physicians to this very rare cause of toxic acute renal failure and hepatitis. All patients presented initially with gastrointestinal upset after eating. These symptoms were followed by oliguria in 7 patients (54%), hematuria was noted in 10 (77%) and jaundice in 8 patients (62%). Elevation of blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and transaminases lasted for about 3 weeks. The severity of the symptoms depended on the amount of bile ingested. All the patients recovered with conservative therapy and hemodialysis. Biopsy of the kidney revealed findings compatible with acute tubular necrosis similar to that produced by other nephrotoxins. Biopsy of the liver revealed findings consistent with acute toxic hepatitis. Both suggest toxic effects of carp bile as a cause of toxic acute renal failure and hepatitis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1990
          1990
          10 December 2008
          : 56
          : 2
          : 188-193
          Affiliations
          Departments of aInternal Medicine, Chonbuk; bSeoul National University Medical Schools; cChonju Presbyterian Medical Center, Chonju and Seoul, Korea
          Article
          186131 Nephron 1990;56:188–193
          10.1159/000186131
          2243575
          d9d0204e-a8b0-43d1-8911-1ddd753e4722
          © 1990 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Carp bile, Acute tubular necrosis, Acute toxic hepatitis

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