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      Characteristics of longitudinal development of pupils, loneliness: a follow-up study

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the development of children’s loneliness and their gender differences, and to provide references for elementary school students, mental health education.

          Methods The Children’s Loneliness Scale was being used in this research. 771 students in grade 3 and 4 were investigated and followed for 2 years, a total of 5 waves of data were collected.

          Results The scores of pupils’s loneliness in 5 times were(33.96±12.77)(31.13±12.82)(29.66±12.65)(28.67±11.97)(27.60± 11.63) respectively. Feelings of loneliness decline rapidly in mid-childhood ( eta1 = -2. 61, P<0.01), but in late childhood, it showed a significant upward trend ( eta2 = 0.27, P<0.01). In the middle and late childhood, the level of loneliness of boys was significantly higher than that of girls at different points in time. But there was no significant gender difference in the pace of loneliness during childhood ( β 1= 0.06, β 2 = 0. 01, P >0.05).

          Conclusion Childhood loneliness presents non-linear curve, decreasing with age during early childhood, but tends to increase in later childhood.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探讨小学生孤独感的纵向发展特征及其性别差异, 为学校心理健康教育工作的高效开展提供实证参 考。 方法 采用儿童孤独感量表, 对广州中山和四川达州的771名小学三四年级学生进行为期2年的纵向追踪(2014年6 月–2016年6月), 每半年施测一次, 共收集到5组调查数据。 结果 小学生5次追踪孤独感得分分别为(33.96±12.77) (31.13±12.82)(29.66±12.65)(28.67±11.97)(27.60±11.63)分。孤独感在童年中期有着较快的下降速度( eta1 = -2.61, P< 0.01), 但在童年晚期呈现出上升趋势( eta2 = 0.27, P<0.01)。在童年期中晚期阶段, 男生不同时点的孤独感水平高于女生, 但孤独感的发展速度性别差异均无统计学意义( β 1=0.06, β 2=0.01, P值均>0.05)。 结论 小学生孤独感的发展为非线性 的曲线发展, 整体呈现出先长时程下降后缓慢上升的发展趋势。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 October 2020
          01 October 2020
          : 41
          : 10
          : 1533-1535
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Faculty of Teacher Education, Yangtze Normal University, Chongqing (408100), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: SU Zhiqiang, E-mail: cqzhiqiangsu@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.10.024
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.10.024
          da06bc4c-6556-4981-ba13-d944c5ad63e7
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Mental health,Loneliness,Longitudinal studies,Students

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