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      Melanoides tuberculata as intermediate host of Philophthalmus gralli in Brazil Translated title: Melanoides tuberculata como hospedeiro intermediário de Philophthalmus gralli no Brasil

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          Abstract

          Melanoides tuberculata that naturally harbored trematode larvae were collected at the Pampulha dam, Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais, Brazil), during malacological surveys conducted from 2006 to 2010. From 7,164 specimens of M. tuberculata collected, 25 (0.35%) were infected by cercariae, which have been morphologically characterized as belonging to the Megalurous group, genus Philophthalmus. Excysted metacercariae were used for successful experimental infection of Gallus gallus domesticus, and adult parasites recovered from the nictitating membranes of chickens were identified as Philophthalmus gralli. This is the first report of P. gralli in M. tuberculata in Brazil.

          Translated abstract

          Melanoides tuberculata naturalmente infectados por larvas de trematódeos foram coletados na represa da Pampulha Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil durante estudos malacológicos realizados entre 2006 e 2010. De 7164 exemplares de M. tuberculata coletados, 25 (0,35%) apresentavam-se infectados por cercárias que foram caracterizadas morfologicamente como pertencentes ao grupo Megalura, gênero Philophthalmus. Metacercárias desencistadas foram utilizadas com sucesso para a infecção experimental de Gallus gallus domesticus e parasitos adultos recuperados da membrana nictitante das aves foram identificados como Philophthalmus gralli. Este é o primeiro relato de P. gralli em M. tuberculata no Brasil

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          Adherence to treatment: what is done in Sweden? Practice, education and research

          Objective The objective of this review was to identify the practice, education and research of pharmacists in Sweden in regard to adherence to treatment. Methods Medline was searched up to the end of February 2008. In addition to the Medline search performed, other available sources were also used to identify relevant articles. Results No adherence-specific programs have been implemented in Swedish pharmacies. No adherence-specific courses are provided in Swedish Universities educating pharmacists. The adherence-related research has so far mainly focused on refill non-adherence, primary non-adherence and patient reported non-adherence and readiness to treatment. Conclusions Adherence-related practice and education of pharmacists will probably change due to the deregulation of the pharmacy market that will take place in the near future in Sweden. Research on adherence will need to be strengthened in the sense that it has so far not been guided by adherence-related theoretical frameworks, despite the fact that there are several theories to hand that try to explain adherence.
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            Life Cycle and Developmental Stages of Philophthalmus gralli in the Intermediate and Final Hosts

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              Philophthalmus gralli: Identification, Growth Characteristics, and Treatment of an Oriental Eyefluke of Birds Introduced into the Continental United States

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rimtsp
                Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
                Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo
                Instituto de Medicina Tropical (São Paulo )
                1678-9946
                December 2010
                : 52
                : 6
                : 323-327
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Brazil
                Article
                S0036-46652010000600007
                10.1590/S0036-46652010000600007

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil
                Categories
                TROPICAL MEDICINE

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