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      Associations of psychological resilience with family cohesion and non-suicidal self-injury of middle school students in Fujian Province

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          Abstract

          Objective To explore the relationship between family cohesion, psychological resilience and non-suicidal self-injury among middle school students.

          Methods By using the stratified random cluster sampling method, 2 065 students from 4 middle school from Fujian province were investigated with family cohesion scale, adolescent psychological resilience scale and adolescent self-injury behavior questionnaire.

          Results The report rate of self-injury was 40.34%, which differed by childhood migration experiences, parenting style as well as academic pressure ( χ 2 = 11.66, 29.45, 12.48, P<0.01). Total scores and dimensional scales in family cohesion and psychological resilience showed significant differences in students with or without self-injury ( t = - 8. 33, -12.08, -7.29, -11.53, -3.38, -7.37, -7.68, P<0.01) . The family cohesion was positively correlated with the psychological resilience and each dimension ( r = 0.27-0.56, P<0.01), but negatively correlated with non-suicidal self-injury ( r = -0.18, P<0.01). The psychological resilience and each dimension were negatively correlated with non-suicidal self-injury ( r = - 0. 24-- 0. 14, P< 0.01). Psychological resilience had a partial mediating effect between family cohesion and non-suicidal self-injury, with mediating effect accounting for 61.11% of the total effect.

          Conclusion Psychological resilience played a mediating role between family cohesion and non-suicidal self-injury. By promoting family cohesion to improve psychological resilience, it is helpful to prevent non-sui- cidal self-injury among middle school students.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 探究中学生家庭亲密度、心理弹性与自伤行为之间的关系及内在机制,为中学生自伤行为预防和干预提 供科学依据。 方法 采用分层整群抽样的方法,选取福建省4所中学的2 065名学生,采用家庭亲密度量表、青少年心理 弹性量表和青少年自我伤害行为问卷进行测量。 结果 中学生自伤行为报告率为40.34%,是否有留守经历、不同家庭教 养方式、不同学习压力学生自伤行为报告率差异均有统计学意义(χ 2值分别为11.66,29.45,12.48,P值均<0.01)。在家庭 亲密度得分、心理弹性总分及5个维度得分上,有无自伤行为学生差异均有统计学意义( t值分别为-8.33,-12.08,-7.29, -11.53,-3.38,-7.37,-7.68,P值均<0.01 )。家庭亲密度总分和心理弹性总分及各维度得分均呈正相关 (r = 0.27 ~ 0.56,P 值均<0.01),与自伤行为呈负相关 (r = -0.18,P<0.01);心理弹性总分及各维度与自伤行为均呈负相关 (r =-0.24~-0.14,P 值均<0.01)。心理弹性在家庭亲密度和自伤行为间起部分中介作用,中介效应占总效应的61.11%。 结论 心理弹性在家 庭亲密度和自伤行为间起中介作用,可通过促进家庭亲密度、提升心理弹性,预防中学生自伤行为。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 November 2020
          01 November 2020
          : 41
          : 11
          : 1664-1667
          Affiliations
          [1] 1School of Health, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou (350122), China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.11.018
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2020.11.018
          db14e5bc-a923-4ad8-abb2-a6b2db7dc732
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Self-injurious behavior,Mental health,Family,Students

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