4
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      A discussion of the gut microbiome's development, determinants, and dysbiosis in cancers of the esophagus and stomach.

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The microbiome refers to a population of microbes that colonize the skin, nasopharynx, oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, and urogenital tract. The human microbiome consists of bacteria, archaea, fungi, viruses, and phages. Recent advances in genomic sequencing have catalyzed a deeper understanding of complex microbe-microbe and host-microbe interactions. Dysregulation of these interactions, or dysbiosis of the gastrointestinal tract, has been implicated in a growing list of pathologies including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, depression, Parkinson's disease, autism, and various gastrointestinal cancers. Gastric and esophageal cancer, for example, continue to remain as two of the most common causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide, therefore there is an increased emphasis on investigating the role of dysbiosis on these cancers. In this review, we discuss the development and structure of the gut microbiome, its homeostatic and dysbiotic mechanisms, and the key microbes in esophageal and gastric carcinogenesis with a focus on bacterial biology. Further clarification of these pathways and discovery of diagnostic or therapeutic targets could have broad impacts on global subpopulations. It is important to understand the nature of the gastrointestinal tract microbiome and its potentional risk factors for dysbiosis in order to tailor its application to the individual patient and create an era of highly personalized, precision medicine.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Gastrointest Oncol
          Journal of gastrointestinal oncology
          AME Publishing Company
          2078-6891
          2078-6891
          Jul 2021
          : 12
          : Suppl 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Surgery, Rutgers Biomedical Health Sciences-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.
          [2 ] Department of Surgery, Hackensack Meridian Health School of Medicine at Seton Hall University, Nutley, NJ, USA.
          [3 ] Nutritional Science Research Group, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA.
          Article
          jgo-12-S2-S290
          10.21037/jgo-2019-gi-07
          8343086
          34422393
          db246e83-bdd2-48e0-9f7c-90d416ca3a5f
          History

          gastrointestinal tract,cancer prevention,cancer,Microbiome,human,gut

          Comments

          Comment on this article