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      Decreased CD4 Lymphocyte Count as a Marker Predicting High Mortality Rate in Managing ANCA Related Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis

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          Abstract

          As antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody positive rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (ANCA-RPGN) has a high risk of end stage renal failure and is a potentially life threatening disease, early aggressive therapy is recommended. However, aggressive immunosuppressive therapy may lead to immunodeficiency and subsequent mortality in the patients with this disease. Therefore, we need the index of immunodeficiency to cure the disease. To evaluate any risk factors, including therapies, on mortality in ANCA-RPGN, we conducted a retrospective investigation on patient survival in 32 patients with ANCA-RPGN by Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox regression model. Fourteen patients were treated with leucocytapheresis (LAP group) and the 18 patients were treated by steroid pulse therapy (steroid pulse group) as initial treatment. The patients were chosen for the different therapies at random. Two patients in the LAP group, and eight patients in the steroid pulse group had died within 6 months. The lymphocyte counts and CD4 cell counts after complete course of therapy were lower in the patients who died than in those who survived in the steroid pulse group. Patient survival was higher in the LAP group than in the steroid pulse group, but did not reach statistical significance. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the factors influencing patient survival were initial serum creatinine, LAP therapy, CD4 cell counts, and lymphocytes at the end of treatment. Age, titer of MPO-ANCA, and percent of glomerular crescents were not found to have an effect on the patient survival. We recommend: that early diagnosis should be established, and immunosuppressive therapy may be done with monitoring of the lymphocyte and CD4 cell count.

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          Tiagabine.

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            Urinary macrophage counts and ratio to T lymphocytes: Possible use in differential diagnosis and management of glomerular disease

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              2002
              August 2002
              15 July 2002
              : 91
              : 4
              : 601-605
              Affiliations
              Department of Nephrology, Sendai Shakaihoken Hospital, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan
              Article
              65019 Nephron 2002;91:601–605
              10.1159/000065019
              12138261
              © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 3, Tables: 2, References: 14, Pages: 5
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/65019
              Categories
              Original Paper

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