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      Mutation Analysis of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Genes in Han Chinese

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          Abstract

          Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is caused by mutations in two genes, PKD1 and PKD2. The complexity of these genes, particularly PKD1, has complicated genetic screening, though recent advances have provided new opportunities for amplifying these genes. In the Han Chinese population, no complete mutational analysis has previously been conducted across the entire span of PKD1 and PKD2. Here, we used single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis to screen the entire coding sequence of PKD1 and PKD2 in 85 healthy controls and 72 Han Chinese from 24 ADPKD pedigrees. In addition to 11 normal variants, we identified 17 mutations (12 in PKD1 and 5 in PKD2), 15 of which were novel ones (11 for PKD1 and 4 for PKD2). We did not identify any seeming mutational hot spots in PKD1 and PKD2. Notably, we found several disease-associated C–T or G–A mutations that led to charge or hydrophobicity changes in the corresponding amino acids. This suggests that the mutations cause conformational alterations in the PKD1 and PKD2 protein products that may impact the normal protein functions. Our study is the first report of screenable mutations in the full-length PKD1 and PKD2 genes of the Han Chinese, and also offers a benchmark for comparisons between Caucasian and Han ADPKD pedigrees and patients.

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          Most cited references 25

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          PKD2, a gene for polycystic kidney disease that encodes an integral membrane protein.

          A second gene for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease was identified by positional cloning. Nonsense mutations in this gene (PKD2) segregated with the disease in three PKD2 families. The predicted 968-amino acid sequence of the PKD2 gene product has six transmembrane spans with intracellular amino- and carboxyl-termini. The PKD2 protein has amino acid similarity with PKD1, the Caenorhabditis elegans homolog of PKD1, and the family of voltage-activated calcium (and sodium) channels, and it contains a potential calcium-binding domain.
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            • Record: found
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            Genetics and pathogenesis of polycystic kidney disease.

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              The polycystic kidney disease 1 gene encodes a 14 kb transcript and lies within a duplicated region on chromosome 16

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEE
                Nephron Exp Nephrol
                10.1159/issn.1660-2129
                Cardiorenal Medicine
                S. Karger AG
                1660-2129
                2005
                June 2005
                18 March 2005
                : 100
                : 2
                : e63-e76
                Affiliations
                Division of Nephrology, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
                Article
                84572 Nephron Exp Nephrol 2005;100:e63–e76
                10.1159/000084572
                15775720
                © 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 9, Tables: 11, References: 33, Pages: 1
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/84572
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