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      Is ischemia-modified albumin a reliable tool for the assessment of acute pancreatitis?

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          Oxidative stress has been implicated in several disorders, including acute pancreatitis (AP). Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA), which reflects the ability to bind cobalt, has been found to be elevated in conditions of oxidative stress and tissue hypoxia. This study examined IMA and adjusted IMA levels in patients with AP, and examined the associations of IMA and adjusted IMA levels to the severity of AP.

          Patients and methods

          A total of 42 consecutive patients with AP and 43 age- and sex-matched control subjects were enrolled. Serum samples were obtained from patients with AP on admission as well as 48–72 hours after hospitalization, and from the controls, at the time of enrollment. Adjusted IMA was calculated by multiplying the IMA value of each patient with the ratio of the patient’s albumin value and the median albumin value of the study population. The severity of AP was assessed according to the modified Atlanta classification, and the patients were divided into 2 groups: mild AP and severe AP.


          The serum IMA and adjusted IMA values of patients with AP on admission and those of the controls did not differ ( p=0.86 and p=0.99, respectively). The second measurements of IMA and adjusted IMA in the AP group were higher than the first measurements of both the AP group and controls (for all, p<0.01). Among the IMA measurements, only adjusted IMA on admission had the ability to predict the severity of AP. Severe AP was correlated with albumin, and the area under the curve of adjusted IMA values on admission was 0.746 for differentiating patients with severe AP from mild AP with statistical significance ( p=0.005).


          It was shown that IMA and adjusted IMA levels rise with the progression of AP. Lower levels of adjusted IMA predict the severity of AP. Further studies with serial measurements of IMA are warranted to explore the indicative role of IMA in the course of AP.

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          Most cited references 34

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          A novel assay for cobalt-albumin binding and its potential as a marker for myocardial ischemia-a preliminary report.

          We initially observed a phenomenon of reduced in vitro binding of exogenous cobalt [Co(II)] to the N-terminus of human serum albumin (HSA) in emergency chest pain patients with early onset unstable angina and myocardial infarction. We then developed a colorimetric assay to measure cobalt-HSA binding and record the results in absorbance units (ABSU). In a preliminary clinical study of 139 emergency patients with acute chest pain, 99 patients with evidence of myocardial ischemia (Group 1) had elevated assay levels (mean ABSU +/- SD; 0.519 +/- 0.086) compared to 40 patients (Group 2) with no evidence of ischemia (0.316 +/- 0.092) (p < 0.00001). In Group 1, 95 of 99 (96.0%) patients had levels higher than a decision threshold of 0.400 ABSU and in Group 2, 37 of 40 (92.5%) samples had higher cobalt binding capacity (ABSU
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            Laboratory markers predicting severity of acute pancreatitis.

            Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease of highly variable severity, ranging from mild cases with low mortality to severe cases with high mortality. Numerous biomarkers have been studied as potential early predictors of the severity of this disease so that treatment can be optimally tailored to prevent complications. We aim to present and discuss the most relevant biomarkers for early severity assessment in AP that have been studied to date. We review the current literature on biomarkers that have been used to predict the severity in AP. C-reactive protein (CRP) is still considered to be the gold standard, with a cut-off value of 150 mg/ml 48 h after disease onset. Other markers, including procalcitonin (PCT) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) have been implemented in some hospitals, but are not used on a routine basis. Most other markers, including acute phase proteins (LBP, SAA, PTX3), cytokines (Il-8, TNF-a, MIF), activation peptides of pancreatic proteases (TAP, CAPAP, PLAP), antiproteases (AAT, a2M), adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, selectins, E-cadherin) and leukocyte-derived enzymes (PA2, PMN-E) have shown some promising results but have not been routinely implemented. Furthermore, new and interesting biomarkers (Copeptin, TRX-1, Ang-2, E-2) have shown good results, but more research is needed to determine if they could play a role in the future. Various reasons why new markers for disease severity have not been adopted in daily routine include low accuracy, cumbersome laboratory techniques and high cost. Despite these difficulties, research is still very active in finding new markers to predict the severity of AP.
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              Comparison of scoring systems in predicting the severity of acute pancreatitis.

              To investigate the prognostic usefulness of several existing scoring systems in predicting the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP).

                Author and article information

                Ther Clin Risk Manag
                Ther Clin Risk Manag
                Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
                Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
                Dove Medical Press
                29 March 2018
                : 14
                : 627-635
                [1 ]Medicine Faculty, Department of Gastroenterology, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey
                [2 ]Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Health Sciences Faculty, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey
                [3 ]Department of Internal Medicine, Elazig Education and Training Hospital, Elazig, Turkey
                [4 ]Department of Pathology, Elazig Education and Training Hospital, Elazig, Turkey
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Abdurrahman Sahin, Firat University, Medicine Faculty, Department of Gastroenterology, Celal Bayar Cad. No: 2, Elazig 23200, Turkey, Tel +90 424 233 3555 ext 2465, Fax +90 424 212 2717, Email asahin@ 123456firat.edu.tr
                © 2018 Sahin et al. This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited

                The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/). By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.

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