The aim of the present systematic review was to examine the scientific evidence for the efficacy of stabilized stannous fluoride (SnF 2) dentifrice in relation to dental calculus, dental plaque, gingivitis, halitosis and staining.
Medline OVID, Embase.com, and the Cochrane Library were searched from database inception until June 2017. Six researchers independently selected studies, extracted data, and assessed methodological quality. A meta-analysis of the 6-month gingivitis studies was done. Risk of bias was estimated using a checklist from the Swedish Agency for Health Technology Assessment (SBU, 2018).
Two studies on dental calculus, 21 on dental plaque and gingivitis, 4 on halitosis, and 5 on stain met the inclusion criteria. Risk of bias was high for the studies on dental calculus, halitosis, and stain, and varied for the dental plaque and gingivitis studies. Significant reductions in dental calculus and in halitosis were reported for the SnF 2 dentifrice; no differences in stain reduction were noted. A meta-analysis on gingivitis found better results for the SnF 2 dentifrice compared to other dentifrices, though the results of the individual trials in the meta-analyses showed a substantial heterogeneity.
The present review found that stabilized SnF 2 toothpaste had a positive effect on the reduction of dental calculus build-up, dental plaque, gingivitis, stain and halitosis. A tendency towards a more pronounced effect than using toothpastes not containing SnF2 was found. However, a new generation of well conducted randomized trials are needed to further support these findings.
Dentistry; Stabilized stannous fluoride; Dental calculus; Dental plaque; Gingivitis; Halitosis; Stain.