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      Purification and properties of the soluble NAD glycohydrolase from Bungarus fasciatus venom.

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      The Journal of biological chemistry

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          Abstract

          The NAD glycohydrolase (NADase) (EC 3.2.2.5) from Bungarus fasciatus (banded krait) venom was purified (1000-fold) to electrophoretic homogeneity through a 3-step purification procedure, the last step being affinity chromatography on Cibacron blue agarose. The purified NADase is a glycoprotein containing two subunits of Mr = 62,000 each. Nicotinamide and adenosine diphosphoribose were produced in a 1:1 stoichiometry and were the only products formed when the purified NADase was incubated with NAD. These results were confirmed by high performance liquid chromatography. The enzyme exhibited a brod pH profile with optimum pH for hydrolysis at 7.5 with very little change in Km from pH 6.0 to pH 8.5. The NADase is only slightly affected by changes in ionic strength. The enzyme studied titrimetrically at pH 7.5 and 38 degrees C exhibited a Km of 14 microM and a Vmax of 1380 mumol of NAD cleaved/min/mg of protein. The activation energy for the enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of NAD was 15.7 kcal/mol. In addition to NAD and NADP, a number of NAD analogs were shown to function as substrates for the enzyme. Product inhibition studies demonstrated nicotinamide to be a noncompetitive inhibitor with a KI of 1.5 mM and adenosine diphosphoribose a competitive inhibitor with a KI of 0.36 mM. Procion blue HB (Cibacron blue F3GA) was shown to be a competitive inhibitor with a KI of 33 nmol. The purified NADase catalyzed the pyridine base exchange reaction between 3-acetylpyridine and the nicotinamide moiety of NAD.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J. Biol. Chem.
          The Journal of biological chemistry
          0021-9258
          0021-9258
          Apr 25 1981
          : 256
          : 8
          Article
          10.1016/S0021-9258(19)69502-5
          6260772
          dbdb17b1-0396-49b4-8544-668c08be9a24
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