The coleopteran parasitoid Dastarcus helophoroides (Fairmaire) (Coleoptera: Bothrideridae) is considered an efficient preventative method against the damage caused by a large number of cerambycid pests in China and other East Asian countries. Mass rearing of this parasitoid depends on screening appropriate factitious hosts. In this paper, the fitness-related traits of this parasitic beetle were explored using pupae of the two tenebrionid beetles, Tenebrio molitor Linnaeus and Zophobas morio Fabricius (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) as factitious hosts. The results showed that in dual-choice trials, D. helophoroides larvae preferred to attack Z. morio pupae. In no-choice trials, D. helophoroides reared on Z. morio pupae displayed significantly higher pupation and emergence rate, longer developmental duration of larval and larval-pupal stages, larger adult body size, shorter preoviposition period, more egg masses and egg production, and higher relative expected reproduction than those reared on T. molitor pupae. These results demonstrate that Z. morio is a more suitable factitious host for mass rearing of D. helophoroides.