The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distribution of lower limb alignment in Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA).
We retrospectively included 64 Crowe IV DDH patients (87 hips) who underwent THA between February 2010 and May 2019. Radiographic parameters were measured on full limb length standing anteroposterior radiographs, including hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (mLDFA), mechanical medial proximal tibial angle (mMPTA), anatomical lateral distal femoral angle (aLDFA), and anatomical tibiofemoral angle (aTFA).
HKA improved from 176.54°±3.52° preoperatively to 179.45°±4.31° at the last followup (P<0.001). According to the preoperative HKA, 40 hips were defined as knee valgus alignment. The majority of them were characteristic of a valgus mLDFA and a valgus or neutral mMPTA (35%, 47.5%). After THA, there were still 22 hips defined as knee valgus alignment. More than 50% of them were characteristic of a valgus mLDFA and a neutral mMPTA. Five hips (22.7%) revealed valgus alignment in both mLDFA and mMPTA. Twenty-one hips (24.1%) remained knee valgus alignment before and after surgery. One hip, defined as neutral alignment, preoperatively turned into valgus alignment after surgery.