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      Ética e inclusão Translated title: Ethics and inclusion

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          Abstract

          O objetivo deste artigo é superar os usos espontâneos e sem controle das palavras "ética" e "inclusão". O autor realiza inicialmente um balanço histórico dos trabalhos filosóficos sobre ética, em seguida delineia a evolução das representações socioculturais da deficiência para entender as relações entre ética e deficiência. Examina a noção de inclusão escolar tomando como exemplo o caso francês e o debate atual sobre a escolarização das crianças com necessidades especiais. Questiona a validade conceitual dos pares de oposição: integração/inclusão; exclusão/inclusão para finalmente defender uma ética de responsabilidade no lugar de uma ilusória ética de convicção.

          Translated abstract

          This article aims to go beyond the spontaneous and uncontroled uses of the words "ethics" and "inclusion". First an historical and critical assessment of the philosophical works on éthics is carried out. Then the evolution of the social and cultural representations of disability (handicap) is reviewed in order to understand the relationships between ethics and disabitlity. The case of France and the present french debates about the schooling of disabled children allows a discussion of the notion of school inclusion. The conceptual validity of the opposition couples "intégration/inclusion" and "exclusion/inclusion" is questioned. Finally an ethics of responsability is advocated instead of an illusive ethics of conviction.

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          Most cited references69

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          Le Normal et le Pathologique

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            Les métamorphoses de la question sociale. Une chronique du salariat

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              Inclusão Escolar: O que é? Por quê? Como fazer?

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: TR
                Journal
                cp
                Cadernos de Pesquisa
                Cad. Pesqui.
                Fundação Carlos Chagas (São Paulo )
                1980-5314
                April 2010
                : 40
                : 139
                : 13-43
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Université Paris-Sorbonne 5 France
                Article
                S0100-15742010000100002
                10.1590/S0100-15742010000100002
                dc39a9fe-88a3-47a0-80b8-e2f83019bed3

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Product

                SciELO Brazil

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0100-1574&lng=en
                Categories
                EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH

                Educational research & Statistics
                INCLUSIVE EDUCATION,ETHICS,PHILOSOPHY,HANDICAPS,EDUCAÇÃO INCLUSIVA,ÉTICA,FILOSOFIA,DEFICIÊNCIA

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