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      Economic damages from Hurricane Sandy attributable to sea level rise caused by anthropogenic climate change

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          Abstract

          In 2012, Hurricane Sandy hit the East Coast of the United States, creating widespread coastal flooding and over $60 billion in reported economic damage. The potential influence of climate change on the storm itself has been debated, but sea level rise driven by anthropogenic climate change more clearly contributed to damages. To quantify this effect, here we simulate water levels and damage both as they occurred and as they would have occurred across a range of lower sea levels corresponding to different estimates of attributable sea level rise. We find that approximately $8.1B ($4.7B–$14.0B, 5th–95th percentiles) of Sandy’s damages are attributable to climate-mediated anthropogenic sea level rise, as is extension of the flood area to affect 71 (40–131) thousand additional people. The same general approach demonstrated here may be applied to impact assessments for other past and future coastal storms.

          Abstract

          Sea level rise amplifies coastal storm impacts, but the role of anthropogenic climate change is poorly resolved. Here the authors reassess Hurricane Sandy, using a dynamic flood model to show that anthropogenic sea level rise added a central estimate of $8 billion in damages.

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          Most cited references53

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          Uncertainty estimates in regional and global observed temperature changes: A new data set from 1850

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            The representative concentration pathways: an overview

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              Sea-Level Rise from the Late 19th to the Early 21st Century

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                bstrauss@climatecentral.org
                Journal
                Nat Commun
                Nat Commun
                Nature Communications
                Nature Publishing Group UK (London )
                2041-1723
                18 May 2021
                18 May 2021
                2021
                : 12
                Affiliations
                [1 ]GRID grid.426747.4, ISNI 0000 0004 0580 1886, Climate Central, ; Princeton, NJ USA
                [2 ]GRID grid.217309.e, ISNI 0000 0001 2180 0654, Stevens Institute of Technology, ; Hoboken, NJ USA
                [3 ]GRID grid.429997.8, ISNI 0000 0004 1936 7531, Tufts University, ; Boston, MA USA
                [4 ]GRID grid.4556.2, ISNI 0000 0004 0493 9031, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, ; Potsdam, Germany
                [5 ]GRID grid.430387.b, ISNI 0000 0004 1936 8796, Department of Earth & Planetary Sciences and Rutgers Institute of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, , Rutgers University, ; New Brunswick, NJ USA
                [6 ]GRID grid.431335.3, ISNI 0000 0004 0582 4666, US Army Corps of Engineers, ; Washington, DC USA
                [7 ]GRID grid.12380.38, ISNI 0000 0004 1754 9227, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, ; Amsterdam, The Netherlands
                [8 ]Binera, Inc., Rockville, MD USA
                Article
                22838
                10.1038/s41467-021-22838-1
                8131618
                34006886
                dc6dc05b-2fc4-4509-8e72-dba977d37cf7
                © The Author(s) 2021

                Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                Funding
                Funded by: FundRef https://doi.org/10.13039/100000001, National Science Foundation (NSF);
                Award ID: ICER-1663807
                Award ID: ICER-1663807
                Award ID: ICER-1663807
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: FundRef https://doi.org/10.13039/100000104, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA);
                Award ID: 80NSSC17K0698
                Award ID: 80NSSC17K0698
                Award ID: 80NSSC17K0698
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: FundRef https://doi.org/10.13039/100009763, Kresge Foundation;
                Funded by: George and Estelle Sands Foundation
                Categories
                Article
                Custom metadata
                © The Author(s) 2021

                Uncategorized
                attribution,physical oceanography
                Uncategorized
                attribution, physical oceanography

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