Zuzana Husková a, b , Herbert J. Kramer f , Zdenka Vaňourková a, b , Monika Thumová a, b , Jan Malý a , Martin Opočenský a , Petra Škaroupková a, b , Alexander Kolský c , Zdena Vernerová a, d , Luděk Červenka a, b, e
25 January 2007
Background: In the present study we evaluated plasma and kidney angiotensin II (ANG II) levels in female and male Ren-2 transgenic rats (TGR) in comparison to age-matched female and male normotensive Hannover Sprague-Dawley rats. Methods: The rats were maintained on a normal sodium (NS) diet (0.6% NaCl) or fed a high sodium (HS) diet (2% NaCl) for 4 days or were sodium depleted by administration of 40 mg furosemide per liter drinking water overnight followed by 3 days of low sodium diet (0.01% NaCl) (LS + F). ANG II levels were determined by radioimmunoassay. Results: Female TGR at the age of 38 days were already hypertensive and had developed cardiac hypertrophy, whereas male TGR at this age still exhibited a normotensive phenotype. HS diet increased the blood pressure (BP) but did not alter the ANG II levels in TGR at any age. LS + F decreased the BP without significant change in ANG II concentrations in TGR. Female TGR responded to salt loading and salt depletion by more pronounced changes in BP than male TGR. Conclusions: Female TGR develop hypertension more rapidly and the salt-sensitive component of hypertension is more pronounced in female than in male TGR.