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      Integrated Communication between the Nervous, Endocrine and Immune Systems

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          Abstract

          Several data accumulated over recent years on the mechanisms underlying the interactions between the brain, hormones and the immune system. These data concern two major avenues of research: the evidence that brain-controlled, behavioral parameters can modulate the response of immunocompetent cells, and an increasing awareness that a number of chemical signals – neurotransmitters, hormones or mediators of immunity – are not, as previously believed, specific of given sets of tissues or of functions, but that, on the contrary, they can be produced and recognized by cellular elements belonging to any of those three systems. There is indeed evidence to indicate that signaling molecules involved in cellular communication are ‘banalized’: that means that their receptors are liable to be expressed in almost any tissue by a wide variety of cells. This statement, together with the discovery that intercellular regulation is multifactorial – that is, depends at any given time upon messages built up by combinations of signal molecules rather than by isolated transmitters – raises a certain number of theoretical problems as to the manner by which cells extract messages out of an important background noise. In the present paper, some of those theoretical problems will be presented in a summarized form, and their relevance for the interpretation of neuroendocrine or neuroimmunological interactions will be discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5037-6
          978-3-318-01982-7
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1989
          1989
          28 November 2008
          : 31
          : 1-2
          : 100-104
          Affiliations
          U 159 INSERM, Centre Paul-Broca, Paris, France
          Article
          181096 Horm Res 1989;31:100–104
          10.1159/000181096
          2656465
          © 1989 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Neuroendocrinology 1988

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