An overproduction of VLDL by the liver and a slower clearance of these lipoproteins are usually seen in diabetic patients. There is correlation between insulin resistance and plasma triglyceride concentration. Triglyceride may influence an early step in the insulin action pathway and alternatively, insulin resistance may cause hypertriglyceridemia. Hyperinsulinemia and/or hypertriglyceridemia may play a strong role in the cardiovascular risk of patients with type II diabetes. There is an important need to conduct trials to define therapy that can reduce the risk of cadiovascular complications.