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      Sequential Mixed Lymphocyte Culture after Kidney Transplantation: Induction of Tolerance or Sensitization

      c , c , b , a

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Sensitization, Tolerance, Kidney transplantation

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          Abstract

          Serial mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC) was used to monitor the evolution of donor-specific responsiveness over the first 2 years after cadaveric renal transplantation. Lymphocytes obtained from 37 patients at 0, 1, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months following transplantation were assayed in a one-way MLC using donor lymphocytes as stimulator cells. Donor-specific hyporesponsiveness developed in 66% of the patients with functioning grafts. Donor-specific sensitization was noted in 2 patients with functioning grafts and the MLC reactivity remained unchanged compared to the pretransplant value in 8 patients. The patients with donor-specific hyporeactivity tended to remain either free of rejection episodes or experienced early rejection episodes only. Thus, using serial MLC we were able to identify patients who developed hyporeactivity or tolerance to donor antigens. These patients may require less immunosuppression.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1997
          1997
          19 December 2008
          : 75
          : 2
          : 166-170
          Affiliations
          Departments of aSurgery and bMedicine, University of Cape Town, and cProvincial Tissue Typing Laboratory, Cape Town, South Africa
          Article
          189526 Nephron 1997;75:166–170
          10.1159/000189526
          9041536
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Kidney transplantation, Tolerance, Sensitization

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