Objective To understand the smoking of college students in Guizhou Province and to explore associated factors for better prevention and control of smoking behavior.
Methods A multi-stage stratified random sampling method was used to describe the current smoking situation of college students. And 2 451 college students of different majors and grades from three cities with high, medium and low economic development levels were selected. Besides, we used multivariate logistic regression analysis to analyze the major factors affecting current smoking.
Results Ever smoking rate of college students in Guizhou Province was 50.8%, the peak age of first smoking attempt was 8–13 (35.2%); current smoking rate of college students in Guizhou Province was 20.8%. Logistic regression analysis showed that male, upper grade, monthly living expenses of not less than 1 000 yuan, single parents, family smoking and peer smoking were the main risk factors affecting college students’ smoking ( OR = 5.52, 1.44, 1.48, 1.69, 1.47, 1.88, P<0.05).
Conclusion College students in Guizhou Province have a higher rate of smoking attempt and low rate of current smoking, as well as low tobacco dependence which is determined by multiple factors. Tobacco hazard education, mental health education and living environment intervention for college students may help reduce the probabitity for tobacco use.
【摘要】 目的 了解贵州省大学生吸烟现况及其影响因素, 为预防和控制大学生吸烟行为的发生提供依据。 方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样方法, 抽取贵州省经济发展水平好、中、差 3 座城市的不同专业和不同年级大学生共 2 451 名为 调査对象, 描述大学生尝试吸烟和现在吸烟现况, 采用多因素 Logistic 回归分析影响现在吸烟的主要因素。 结果 贵州省 大学生尝试吸烟率为 50.8%, 初次尝试吸烟发生的髙峰年龄为 8~13 岁 (35.2%); 现在吸烟率为 20.8%。多因素 Logistic 回 归分析显示, 男性、大三、月生活费 ≥1 000 元、单亲、家人抽烟和同伴吸烟是影响大学生吸烟的主要危险因素 ( OR 值分别 为 5.52, 1.44, 1.48, 1.69, 1.47, 1.88, P 值均<0.05)。 结论 贵州省大学生尝试吸烟率较髙, 现在吸烟率较低, 烟草依赖性小, 现在吸烟行为影响因素较多。针对大学生开展烟草危害教育、心理健康教育和生活环境干预可能降低大学生烟草使用。