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      Iron oxide nanoparticles as a drug delivery vehicle for MRI monitored magnetic targeting of brain tumors.


      Animals, Brain Neoplasms, drug therapy, pathology, Cell Line, Tumor, Disease Models, Animal, Drug Carriers, chemistry, Ferric Compounds, Kinetics, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Magnetics, Microscopy, Electron, Transmission, Nanoparticles, ultrastructure, Neoplasm Transplantation, Rats

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          This study explored the possibility of utilizing iron oxide nanoparticles as a drug delivery vehicle for minimally invasive, MRI-monitored magnetic targeting of brain tumors. In vitro determined hydrodynamic diameter of approximately 100 nm, saturation magnetization of 94 emicro/g Fe and T2 relaxivity of 43 s(-1)mm(-)(1) of the nanoparticles suggested their applicability for this purpose. In vivo effect of magnetic targeting on the extent and selectivity of nanoparticle accumulation in tumors of rats harboring orthotopic 9L-gliosarcomas was quantified with MRI. Animals were intravenously injected with nanoparticles (12 mg Fe/kg) under a magnetic field density of 0 T (control) or 0.4 T (experimental) applied for 30 min. MR images were acquired prior to administration of nanoparticles and immediately after magnetic targeting at 1h intervals for 4h. Image analysis revealed that magnetic targeting induced a 5-fold increase in the total glioma exposure to magnetic nanoparticles over non-targeted tumors (p=0.005) and a 3.6-fold enhancement in the target selectivity index of nanoparticle accumulation in glioma over the normal brain (p=0.025). In conclusion, accumulation of iron oxide nanoparticles in gliosarcomas can be significantly enhanced by magnetic targeting and successfully quantified by MR imaging. Hence, these nanoparticles appear to be a promising vehicle for glioma-targeted drug delivery.

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