Objective To understand the allocation of desks and chairs in primary and secondary schools in China from 2018 to 2021 and its influencing factors, so as to provide basis for differentiate intervention strategies.
Methods The data related to the allocation of desks and chairs in 153 568 primary and secondary schools in the national random supervision and random inspection from 2018 to 2021 were used to calculate the qualified rate of each index. And the factors related to the qualified rate of two types of desks and chairs in primary and secondary schools were analyzed.
Results The overall qualified rate of desks and chairs was 74.23% (113 986 schools), and the qualified rate in urban areas (78.10%) was higher than that in towns (75.93%) and villages (70.39%); The qualified rate of junior middle school (76.15%) was higher than that of senior high school (75.12%) and primary school (73.56%); The qualified rate in the East (84.07%) was higher than that in the Middle (77.24%) and West (61.99%). And the differences were of statistical significance ( χ 2 = 945.81, 95.29, 6 757.58, P<0.01). The qualified rate of desks and chairs in the school shows an upward trend by year.
Conclusion The overall qualified rate of desks and chairs in primary and secondary schools in China is not ideal, which need further attention from department of health administration, education, school, as well as other organizations to formulate differentiate intervention strategy despite increasing.
【摘要】 目的 了解 2018—2021 年全国中小学校教室课桌椅配备情况及影响因素, 为制定差异化的干预策略提供依据。 方法 利用 2018—2021 年国家随机监督抽査中的 153 568 所中小学校, 并选取中小学校课桌椅配备相关数据, 计算课桌椅 配备的合格率, 分析与中小学校两种型号课桌椅配备合格率相关的因素。 结果 2018—2021 年全国中小学校课桌椅配备 合格学校数 113 986 所, 课桌椅配备总体合格率为 74.23%, 其中城区的合格率 (78.10%) 髙于镇区 (75.93 %)和乡村 (70.39%); 初中合格率 (76.15%) 髙于髙中 (75.12%) 和小学 (73.56%); 东部合格率 (84.07%) 髙于中部 (77.24 %)和西部 (61.99%), 差异均有统计学意义 ( χ 2 值分别为 945.81, 95.29, 6 757.58, P 值均 <0.01)。随着年份的增长, 学校的课桌椅配备 合格率呈上升趋势。 结论 全国中小学校课桌椅配备总体合格率不够理想, 虽近年来各项指标合格率均有上升趋势, 但仍 应继续加强卫生行政部门、教育部门、学校自身及社会各部门对学校课桌椅配备的重视程度, 制定差异化的干预策略。