Purpose: The objective of this study was to investigate the survival and morphology of embryonic porcine full-thickness neuroretina in culture. Methods: Porcine fetuses were taken out by cesarian section, and the eyes were enucleated. Neuroretinas were explanted on culture plate inserts and were kept for 0–42 days in vitro under standard culture conditions. Green nucleic acid (Sytox) was used for measuring the extent of cell death, and 4,6-diaminidine-2-phenylindoldihydrochloride was used as a marker for the cellular layers. The explants were examined as whole-mount preparations and vertical sections. Sectioned tissue was stained with hematoxylin-eosin and labeled for immunohistochemistry with photoreceptor-specific antibodies raised against transducin and recoverin. Results: In explants kept for 0–5 days in vitro, the developing retina consisted of multiple rows of neuroblastic cells and a more defined, but multilayered ganglion cell layer (GCL). Older explants revealed a more differentiated appearance with ultimately all normal retinal layers present, even after 42 days in vitro. Transducin- and recoverin-labeled photoreceptors were seen in these specimens, but no outer segments were found. The whole-mount preparation revealed extensively Sytox-labeled cells in the GCL at 2 days in vitro, but very few cells were labeled in older explants. Conclusion: This study shows that cultured fetal porcine full-thickness neuroretina can survive and develop according to its intrinsic timetable for at least 6 weeks in vitro. The in vitro system for culturing of the full-thickness retina may be useful in experiments involving retinal transplantation.