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      Regulated secretion of atrial natriuretic factor from cultured ventricular myocytes.

      The American journal of physiology

      Animals, Atrial Natriuretic Factor, secretion, Cells, Cultured, Cytoplasmic Granules, Endothelins, pharmacology, Heart Ventricles, Myocardium, cytology, metabolism, Nifedipine, Precipitin Tests, Potassium Chloride

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          We have investigated endothelin (ET)-regulated secretion of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) from primary neonatal rat ventricular myocytes, where hormone release is thought to be constitutive. In a dose-dependent, nifedipine-sensitive manner, ET acutely enhanced ANF release by two- to fivefold over control cultures within 15 min of agonist exposure, demonstrating that ventricular myocytes display a primary characteristic of a regulated secretory cell type. Unlike atrial cultures, ET enhanced ANF release during the first 30 min of exposure; thereafter, secretion rates returned to control levels. KCl, however, effectively enhanced ANF release only during the first 15 min of exposure. Subcellular fractionation of ventricular culture homogenates did not reveal atrial-type dense secretory granules, and pulse-chase labeling experiments showed that the transit time of newly synthesized ANF was short in ventricular myocytes [time required for half of labeled ANF to be released from cells (t1/2) = 0.5-1.5 h) compared with atrial myocytes (t1/2 = 4 h). These results suggest that, whereas ventricular myocytes possess some of the characteristics of a constitutively secreting cell type (e.g., few, if any, dense secretory granules and rapid transit time for newly synthesized hormone); however, they also display the capacity for regulated secretion of ANF in response to the physiological agonist ET.

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