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      The Heart in Wegener’s Granulomatosis

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          Abstract

          Wegener’s granulomatosis (WG) is a necrotizing vasculitis that mainly affects the respiratory tract and kidneys. Of note, involvement of the heart is being increasingly recognized in these patients. Cardiac manifestations can arise from the coronary arteries, pericardium, myocardium, endocardium, valves, conduction system and great vessels, but in most cases cardiac involvement is clinically silent. Consequently, a regular cardiovascular evaluation, including echocardiography, should be performed in every patient with WG, while patients with WG flare should be closely monitored for cardiac complications even in the absence of specific symptoms.

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          Most cited references 11

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          Cardiac complications of Wegener granulomatosis: a case report of complete heart block and review of the literature.

          Wegener granulomatosis is a necrotizing vasculitis whose target organs are classically the upper and lower respiratory tracts and the kidneys. There has been other end-organ involvement documentation, emphasizing the disseminated nature of this disease, but the literature concerning cardiac involvement is limited. The few case reports and general reviews show that the two most common histologic cardiac manifestations are pericarditis and coronary arteritis, each occurring in 50% of the reported cases. The most frequent clinical manifestation is cardiac arrhythmias that are manifested as supraventricular tachyarrhythmias. We report an unusual cardiac manifestation, a case of complete heart block, occurring during the active stage of Wegener granulomatosis. The problem this case presented and the management are reported. The literature dealing with the cardiac involvement in Wegener granulomatosis is reviewed, and the specific histopathologic findings and the pathophysiologic mechanisms of this involvement are discussed.
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            Cardiac Wegener's granulomatosis masquerading as left atrial myxoma.

            A 56-year-old woman was referred with mitral regurgitation, left ventricular dysfunction, and a sessile mass on the anterior leaflet of her mitral valve. The initial impression from echocardiography was that she had a left atrial myxoma. At operation, we found an intense inflammatory process diagnosed as Wegener's granulomatosis. It also involved the aortic valve and contiguous myocardium.
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              Cardiac involvement in patients with Wegener's granulomatosis

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                CRD
                Cardiology
                10.1159/issn.0008-6312
                Cardiology
                S. Karger AG
                0008-6312
                1421-9751
                2004
                April 2004
                28 April 2004
                : 102
                : 1
                : 7-10
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Cardiology, ‘G. Hatzikosta’ General Hospital of Ioannina, Ioannina, bDepartment of Medicine, Psychiatric Hospital of Attica, Athens, Greece
                Article
                76995 Cardiology 2004;102:7–10
                10.1159/000076995
                14988611
                © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 1, References: 50, Pages: 4
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