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      Modification of Cisplatin-Induced Renal p-Aminohippurate Uptake Alteration and Lipid Peroxidation by Thiols, Ginkgo biloba Extract, Deferoxamine and Torbafylline

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          Abstract

          To determine whether inhibition of lipid peroxidation modifies cisplatin-induced changes of renal p-aminohippurate (PAH) uptake, we examined the effects of various radical scavengers and torbafylline on cisplatin-induced lipid peroxidation and PAH accumulation changes in rat renal cortical slices. Renal cortical slices were incubated with different cisplatin concentrations (0.3, 0.6, 1.0 mg/ml) in the presence of either glutathione, N-acetylcysteine, the iron chelator deferoxamine, Ginkgo biloba extract or the xanthine derivate torbafylline. Lipid peroxidation monitored as the production of malondialdehyde (MDA) was stimulated by increasing cisplatin concentrations in a dose-related manner. At a cisplatin concentration of 1.0 mg/ml, MDA production was twofold compared to controls (0.69 ± 0.06 vs. 1.36 ± 0.07 nmol/mg; p < 0.05). In turn, cisplatin decreased PAH uptake of kidney slices dose-dependently from 13.3 ± 1.3 to 2.6 ± 0.2 (p < 0.01). All agents tested inhibited cisplatin-induced lipid peroxidation; however, at a cisplatin concentration of 1.0 mg/ml, none of them prevented the decline of cisplatin-induced PAH uptake. Of the agents tested, deferoxamine proved to be the most effective antioxidant, completely inhibiting cisplatin-induced lipid peroxidation but in contrast preventing the decrease in PAH uptake only at a cisplatin concentration of 0.3 mg/ml. No strict association between lipid peroxidation and decline of PAH uptake was found, suggesting that lipid peroxidation may only in part participate in cisplatin-induced alterations of PAH uptake.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1995
          1995
          18 December 2008
          : 70
          : 4
          : 425-429
          Affiliations
          aMedizinische Poliklinik, Universität Würzburg, b1. Medizinische Klinik, Universität Kiel, und cHöchst AG, Frankfurt, Deutschland
          Article
          188640 Nephron 1995;70:425–429
          10.1159/000188640
          7477647
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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