Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) are major stored-product pests globally. The use of contact insecticides constitutes an option of effective management of these species. Therefore, we evaluated the activity of thiamethoxam, pirimiphos-methyl, alpha-cypermethrin, and deltamethrin for the management of E. kuehniella and T. confusum larvae on three types (plastic and paper) of storage bag materials under three exposure scenarios. In addition to typical linear regression, we introduced a binomial and quasi-binomial modeling approach to analyze our data. Thiamethoxam and pirimiphos-methyl exhibited significantly higher mortality rates on E. kuehniella and T. confusum than alpha-cypermethrin and deltamethrin. Mortality rate of T. confusum larvae was significantly higher than E. kuehniella larvae. Treatments revealed significant differences in the mortalities of both species. Our results indicate that the application of contact insecticides to storage bag materials is an efficient management tool against larvae of E. kuehniella and T. confusum.
The Mediterranean flour moth, Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and the confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) are worldwide spread and notorious organisms of numerous stored-products. Both species are dangerous for bagged commodities as penetrators and invaders. The aim of the current study was to examine the efficacy of thiamethoxam, pirimiphos-methyl, alpha-cypermethrin, and deltamethrin, against E. kuehniella and T. confusum larvae, on different types of storage bag materials, i.e., woven propylene, biaxially oriented polypropylene and kraft paper through a (quasi)-binomial modeling approach. The type of the tested storage bag material did not affect the mortality rates of both species when treated with the tested insecticides. Thiamethoxam and pirimiphos-methyl showed statistically significant higher mortality rates on E. kuehniella and T. confusum (beta coefficient = 0.141; p-value < 0.05) compared to alpha-cypermethrin and deltamethrin. In addition, T. confusum exhibited significantly higher mortality rate in comparison to E. kuehniella. Our results also showed that the tested doses and surface treatments had a significant effect on the mortality E. kuehniella and T. confusum larvae. Significantly higher mortality rates were recorded when larvae were exposed on bag materials having both surfaces treated or on the single treated surface than when they were exposed on the untreated surface. Our findings can be useful towards an effective management strategy against stored-product insect pests.