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      Expressive Arts as a Way of Making Meaning and Gaining Insight: An Eastern Perspective with the “Mind” Translated title: 從東方思想探討表達藝術作為尋找意義與洞見的方式

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          This article includes two parts. Part I attempts to use one of the Buddhist psychology theories, “five ever-present mental states,” to illustrate how our mind is interconnected and propose how the act of art-making increases the capacity of intuitive thinking and connects feelings and logical thinking with the architecture of expressive arts therapy. Part II illustrates a series of expressive arts workshops, “Expressive Arts as Inquiry” launched for people who wanted to use art for processing, connection, and exploration of themselves in a community classroom for adults. Participants came from different backgrounds. Two case studies revealed how this art-making process brings change with each of them experiencing new ways of thinking/awareness of their different mental states and sense-making through art-making.

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          The Tao of Poiesis : Expressive Arts Therapy and Taoist Philosophy

          This paper outlines some of the similarities between the theory and practice of expressive arts therapy (EXA) and the philosophy of Taoism. EXA is grounded in the concept of poiesis , the Greek word for making in general and art-making in particular. The traditional conception of poiesis is of a productive activity guided by the consciousness and will of the artist. However, in EXA, poiesis is conceived of as a process that can only be beneficial if the client and therapist both let go of knowing and willing, and instead “let it be.” This notion is similar to Heidegger’s concept of Seinlassen (letting something show itself as it is in itself), and to Shaun McNiff’s injunction to “trust the process.” The concept of poiesis in EXA is like that of wu-wei in Taoism – a “non-action” which nevertheless brings benefits to the one who engages in it and to others. The therapist is like the Taoist sage who leads by non-doing. In addition, the process of “decentering” into the alternative world of the imagination takes the client and therapist into a realm of non-ordinary reality in which resources can be developed and new possibilities for action discovered. The seemingly aimless attitude of wu-wei can lead to effective change in the client’s life. The idea of wu-wei sheds light on the central phase of an expressive arts therapy session and is an essential attitude for the EXA practitioner.
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            The second-person perspective

             M. PAUEN,  M. Pauen (2012)
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              Principles and practice of expressive arts therapy: Toward a therapeutic aesthetics


                Author and article information

                Creative Arts in Education and Therapy
                Eastern and Western Perspectives
                Translated title: 创造性艺术教育及治疗-东西方视角 :
                Inspirees Education Group (The Netherlands )
                February 2021
                : 6
                : 2
                : 141-152
                Expressive Arts Life, Hong Kong, China
                Copyright © 2020 Inspirees International

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic License (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0). To view a copy of this license, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/

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