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      Economic determinants and dietary consequences of food insecurity in the United States.

      The Journal of Nutrition
      Adult, Aged, Child, Preschool, Diet, Female, Food Supply, Humans, Hunger, Nutrition Policy, Nutrition Surveys, Poverty, United States

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          Abstract

          This paper reviews recent research on the economic determinants and dietary consequences of food insecurity and hunger in the United States. The new Current Population Study (CPS) food insecurity and hunger measure shows that hunger rates decline sharply with rising incomes. Despite this strong relationship, confirmed in other national datasets, a one-to-one correspondence between poverty-level incomes and hunger does not exist. In 1995, 13.1% of those in poverty experienced hunger and half of those experiencing hunger had incomes above the poverty level. Panel data indicate that those who are often food insufficient are much more likely than food-sufficient households to have experienced recent events that stress household budgets, such as losing a job, gaining a household member or losing food stamps. Cross-sectional work also demonstrates the importance of food stamps because benefit levels are inversely related to food insufficiency. Concern for the dietary consequences of domestic food insufficiency is well placed; recent research shows that the odds of consuming intakes <50% of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) are higher for adult women and elderly individuals from food-insufficient households. Preschoolers from food-insufficient households do not consume significantly lower amounts than those from food-sufficient households, but mean intakes for the rest of members in those very same households are significantly lower for the food insufficient. This research highlights the importance of food insecurity and hunger indicators, further validates the use of self-reported measures and points to areas of need for future research and interventions.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          10064321
          10.1093/jn/129.2.517S

          Chemistry
          Adult,Aged,Child, Preschool,Diet,Female,Food Supply,Humans,Hunger,Nutrition Policy,Nutrition Surveys,Poverty,United States

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