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      EFFECT OF BUILDING PLAN FORM ON HUMAN THERMAL COMFORT IN NATURALLY VENTILATED OPEN-PLAN ENCLOSURES LOCATED IN HOT CLIMATES

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      Journal of Green Building

      College Publishing

      natural ventilation, buildings, open-plan, thermal comfort, hot climate

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          Abstract

          This study aims to examine the effect of building plan form on internal thermal comfort conditions in naturally ventilated open-plan buildings located in hot climates. The study examined the square and the rectangular plan forms in relation to several values of wind direction, building plan depth, and climatic conditions. The study utilised CFD for ventilation prediction, DesignBuilder for thermal modelling, and the Tropical Summer Index (TSI) for thermal comfort assessment. These three tools were integrated in a quantitative approach to fulfil the study aim. The study concluded that the use of area-weighted average velocity magnitude is more accurate in the assessment of natural ventilation performance, as it accounts for both internal velocity magnitude and distribution. The study confirmed the common observation that the use of shallow building plans is more effective to increase internal air velocity and improve internal thermal comfort. At some point of increased plan depth, the internal air velocity magnitude dramatically decreases. In the three examined wind directions, this occurred when the plan depth exceeded 3H in the square cases and 2.5H in the rectangular ones, where H is the building height. This value is much less than the commonly recommended maximum value of 5H. The study also concluded that reducing building depth in the square cases has generally more potential to improve thermal comfort conditions when compared with the rectangular cases. The gross increase in Percentage of People Comfortable, PPC, in all the examined cases was 23% in the square cases, compared to 11% in the rectangular cases.

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          Most cited references 19

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          Ventilation performance prediction for buildings: A method overview and recent applications

           Q. Chen (2009)
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            • Abstract: not found
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            Tropical summer index—a study of thermal comfort of Indian subjects

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              • Record: found
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              Wind-tunnel and numerical modeling of flow and dispersion about several building shapes

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jgrb
                Journal of Green Building
                College Publishing
                1552-6100
                1943-4618
                1943-4618
                Spring 2017
                : 12
                : 2
                : 112-129
                Author notes

                1. Faculty of Engineering, Dept. of Architecture, Islamic University of Gaza, P.O. Box 108, Gaza City, Palestine, oasfour@ 123456iugaza.edu.ps

                Article
                jgb.12.2.112
                10.3992/1943-4618.12.2.112
                © 2017 College Publishing
                Page count
                Pages: 18
                Product
                Categories
                RESEARCH ARTICLES

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