The Spanish brush goat (Capra hiricus) was studied as an animal model for the anephric state. This rugged animal has a hardy appetite and offers ready blood access for dialysis and sampling. BUN, plasma creatinine and potassium could be brought to normal values by daily hemodialysis. Continual weight loss, severe anemia and some tendency for the development of hypertension were observed despite dialysis. Maintenance of a healthy rumen proved a continual challenge but was possible by hyperalimentation and vigorous dialysis immediately postnephrectomy.