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      Dual strands of the miR-145 duplex (miR-145-5p and miR-145-3p) regulate oncogenes in lung adenocarcinoma pathogenesis

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          Most cited references 32

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          Passenger-strand cleavage facilitates assembly of siRNA into Ago2-containing RNAi enzyme complexes.

          In the Drosophila and mammalian RNA interference pathways, siRNAs direct the protein Argonaute2 (Ago2) to cleave corresponding mRNA targets, silencing their expression. Ago2 is the catalytic component of the RNAi enzyme complex, RISC. For each siRNA duplex, only one strand, the guide, is assembled into the active RISC; the other strand, the passenger, is destroyed. An ATP-dependent helicase has been proposed first to separate the two siRNA strands, then the resulting single-stranded guide is thought to bind Ago2. Here, we show that Ago2 instead directly receives the double-stranded siRNA from the RISC assembly machinery. Ago2 then cleaves the siRNA passenger strand, thereby liberating the single-stranded guide. For siRNAs, virtually all RISC is assembled through this cleavage-assisted mechanism. In contrast, passenger-strand cleavage is not important for the incorporation of miRNAs that derive from mismatched duplexes.
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            OncoLnc: linking TCGA survival data to mRNAs, miRNAs, and lncRNAs

             Jordan Anaya (corresponding) ,  Hsueh-Fen Juan (2016)
            OncoLnc is a tool for interactively exploring survival correlations, and for downloading clinical data coupled to expression data for mRNAs, miRNAs, or long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). OncoLnc contains survival data for 8,647 patients from 21 cancer studies performed by The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), along with RNA-SEQ expression for mRNAs and miRNAs from TCGA, and lncRNA expression from MiTranscriptome beta. Storing this data gives users the ability to separate patients by gene expression, and then create publication-quality Kaplan-Meier plots or download the data for further analyses. OncoLnc also stores precomputed survival analyses, allowing users to quickly explore survival correlations for up to 21 cancers in a single click. This resource allows researchers studying a specific gene to quickly investigate if it may have a role in cancer, and the supporting data allows researchers studying a specific cancer to identify the mRNAs, miRNAs, and lncRNAs most correlated with survival, and researchers looking for a novel lncRNA involved with cancer lists of potential candidates. OncoLnc is available at http://www.oncolnc.org.
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              miR-145, miR-133a and miR-133b: Tumor-suppressive miRNAs target FSCN1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

              MicroRNAs (miRNAs), noncoding RNAs 21-25 nucleotides in length, regulate gene expression primarily at the posttranscriptional level. Growing evidence suggests that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in many human cancers, and that they play significant roles in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. A search for miRNAs with a tumor-suppressive function in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) was performed using the miRNA expression signatures obtained from ESCC clinical specimens. A subset of 15 miRNAs was significantly downregulated in ESCC. A comparison of miRNA signatures from ESCC and our previous report identified 4 miRNAs that are downregulated in common (miR-145, miR-30a-3p, miR-133a and miR-133b), suggesting that these miRNAs are candidate tumor suppressors. Gain-of-function analysis revealed that 3 transfectants (miR-145, miR-133a and miR-133b) inhibit cell proliferation and cell invasion in ESCC cells. These miRNAs (miR-145, miR-133a and miR-133b), which have conserved sequences in the 3'UTR of FSCN1 (actin-binding protein, Fascin homolog 1), inhibited FSCN1 expression. The signal from a luciferase reporter assay was significantly decreased at 2 miR-145 target sites and 1 miR-133a/b site, suggesting both miRNAs directly regulate FSCN1. An FSCN1 loss-of-function assay found significant cell growth and invasion inhibition, implying an FSCN1 is associated with ESCC carcinogenesis. The identification of tumor-suppressive miRNAs, miR-145, miR-133a and miR-133b, directly control oncogenic FSCN1 gene. These signal pathways of ESCC could provide new insights into potential mechanisms of ESCC carcinogenesis. Copyright © 2010 UICC.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Human Genetics
                J Hum Genet
                Springer Nature America, Inc
                1434-5161
                1435-232X
                August 6 2018
                Article
                10.1038/s10038-018-0497-9
                © 2018

                http://www.springer.com/tdm

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