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      Intramyocardial dissecting hematoma in anterior wall ST elevation myocardial infarction: impact on left ventricular remodeling and prognosis.

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          Abstract

          Intramyocardial dissecting hematoma is an uncommon complication of myocardial infarction potentially leading to cardiac rupture. The aim of the present study was to investigate coronary reperfusion results, left ventricular (LV) function recovery and remodeling and clinical outcomes in patients with anterior STEMI complicated by intramyocardial hematoma. We prospectively studied 87 patients (mean age 59 ± 10 years; 88% male) with anterior STEMI (42 with intramyocardial hematoma) in order to evaluate coronary reperfusion results, LV remodeling (≥15% increase in end-systolic volume) and clinical outcomes (cardiac death, non-fatal reinfarction, and hospitalization for congestive heart failure) at 24 months. Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow score and myocardial blush grade (MBG) were assessed both pre- and post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and speckle-tracking echocardiography was performed post PCI and at 6-month follow-up. Patients with hematoma had lower post-PCI TIMI score and MBG, higher heart rate, worse LV ejection fraction and longitudinal or rotational function than their counterparts. LV remodeling occurred in 33 (78.6%) patients with hematoma and 11 (24.4%) patients without (p < 0.001). Independent predictors of LV remodeling were heart rate (p = 0.018), MBG (p = 0.036) and presence of hematoma (p < 0.001). Hematoma (log-rank test, χ2 = 9.849; p = 0.002) and LV remodeling (log-rank test, χ2 = 13.770; p < 0.001) were associated to a higher rate of adverse events. Cox analysis identified LV remodeling as the only independent predictor of adverse events (hazard ratio = 3.912; 95% confidence interval, 1.429-10.714; p = 0.008). Intramyocardial dissecting hematoma complicating anterior STEMI is an independent determinant of LV remodeling and is associated to poor prognosis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Int J Cardiovasc Imaging
          The international journal of cardiovascular imaging
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          1875-8312
          1569-5794
          Feb 2018
          : 34
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, Italy. letspine@unina.it.
          [2 ] Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.
          [3 ] Department of Translational Medical Sciences, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.
          Article
          10.1007/s10554-017-1221-0
          10.1007/s10554-017-1221-0
          28766162
          de7d610f-bff2-41a6-9da9-e784a408c41c

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