Objective To explore the characteristics of psychological control of parents of college students and their correlation with health risk behaviors, and to provide a reference for further improving parenting styles and improving the physical and mental health of college students.
Methods With the method of multi-stage stratified random sampling, 3 318 college students from 6 universities in Guizhou Province were selected. The parents’ psychological control questionnaire and Chinese adolescent health-related behavior questionnaire were used to conduct anonymous field survey.
Results A total of 660 students’ parents have got low score of mental control in low-score group (<26), 1 844 in the middle group (26-49) and 814 in the high group (>49). Students who had suicide plans scored higher in the dimensions of invasion of privacy, inhibition of speech expression, and sense of disability than those who had not ( t = 4.08, 3.74, 3.82, P<0.01); The scores of smokers in achievement expectation, invasion of privacy and ability ineffectiveness were higher than those of non-smokers ( t = 7.12, 3.91, 8.10, P<0.01) ; the scores of drinkers in all dimensions were higher than those of non drinkers ( t = 9.35, 4.64, 5.90, 8.78, P<0.01) ; the scores of Internet addicts in all dimensions were higher than those of non-smokers ( t = 8.92, 14.27, 3.70, 15.94, P<0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that smoking, drinking and Internet addiction were positively correlated with parents’ psychological control ( r = 0.11, 0.15, 0.19, P<0. 01) .
Conclusion Parents ’ psychological control of college students in achievement expectation, ability ineffectiveness and speech inhibition; parents’ psychological control is positively related to smoking, drinking and Internet addiction behavior. Parents should give more active encouragement and guidance to their children and strengthen communication.
【摘要】 目的 探究大学生父母心理控制特点及其与健康危险行为的关联性, 为进一步改善父母教养方式及提高大 学生身心健康水平提供参考。 方法 采取多阶段分层随机抽样的方法, 抽取贵州省 6 所大学共 3 318 名大学生, 使用父母 心理控制问卷和中国青少年健康相关行为调查问卷进行现场匿名调查。 结果 父母心理控制总得分处于低分组 (< 26 分) 的共 660 名, 中分组 (26〜49 分) 1 844 名, 高分组 (> 49 分) 814 名; 有过自杀计划的学生在侵犯隐私、抑制言语表达、能力无 效感维度得分均高于没有自杀计划的学生 ( t 值分别为 4.08, 3.74, 3.82, P 值均<0.01); 吸烟者在成就期望、侵犯隐私、能力 无效感维度得分均高于不吸烟者 ( t 值分别为 7.12, 3.91, 8.10, P 值均<0.01); 饮酒者和网络成瘾者在成就期望、侵犯隐私、 抑制言语表达、能力无效感维度上得分均分别高于不饮酒者和非成瘾者 ( t 值分别为 9.35, 4.64, 5.90, 8.78;8.92, 14.27, 3.70, 15.94, P 值均<0.01)。Spearman 相关分析结果显示, 吸烟、饮酒、网络成瘾行为均与父母心理控制程度呈正相关 ( r 值 分别为 0.11, 0.15, 0.19, P 值均<0.01)。 结论 大学生父母心理控制主要体现在成就期望、能力无效感和抑制言语表达方 面;父母心理控制与吸烟、饮酒、网络成瘾行为相关。家长应多给予子女积极鼓励和引导, 加强沟通交流。