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The electrochemical corrosion of bulk nanocrystalline ingot iron in acidic sulfate solution.

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      Abstract

      The corrosion properties of bulk nanocrystalline ingot iron (BNII) fabricated from conventional polycrystalline ingot iron (CPII) by severe rolling were investigated by means of immersion test, potentiodynamic polarization (PDP), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation. These experimental results indicate that BNII possesses excellent corrosion resistance in comparison with CPII in acidic sulfate solution at room temperature. It may mainly result from different surface microstructures between CPII and BNII. However, the corrosion resistance of nanocrystalline materials is usually degraded because of their metastable microstructure nature, and the residual stress in nanocrystalline materials also can result in degradation of corrosion resistance according to the traditional point of view.

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      Affiliations
      [1 ] Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, and International Centre for Materials Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 72 Wenhua Road, 110016, Shenyang, P R China. sgwang@imr.ac.cn
      Journal
      J Phys Chem B
      The journal of physical chemistry. B
      American Chemical Society (ACS)
      1520-6106
      1520-5207
      Jan 12 2006
      : 110
      : 1
      16471545
      10.1021/jp0538971

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