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      Growth Failure in Prader-Willi Syndrome Is Secondary to Growth Hormone Deficiency

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          Abstract

          Growth failure is a recognized feature of the Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Despite evidence that hypothalamic dysfunction accompanies the syndrome, the etiology of this growth failure remains controversial because most patients with PWS are obese. In order to contribute to resolution of this controversy, we performed a retrospective analysis of 16 obese and non-obese PWS children. GH deficiency was diagnosed in 12 of the 16 subjects and occurred independently of weight status. All of the non-obese subjects were GH deficient. Of the 4 GH-sufficient children, 2 were moderately obese and 2 were morbidly obese. One of these children had clinical evidence of GH deficiency including a low IGF-1 level. Only one of the children had evidence of GH deficiency and a normal IGF-1 level, a pattern that could be attributable to obesity. We conclude that most short children with PWS have growth hormone deficiency and that this deficiency probably results from hypothalamic dysfunction.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Diagnostic controversy: the diagnosis of childhood growth hormone deficiency revisited

           R Rosenfeld (1995)
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            Growth hormone neurosecretory dysfunction. A treatable cause of short stature.

            Pulsatile growth hormone (GH) secretion was assessed in a subgroup of short children to determine whether they had GH secretory abnormalities, and these results were compared with those of normal and GH-deficient children. This subgroup of children was defined as having GH neurosecretory dysfunction and met the following criteria: height, less than first percentile; growth velocity, 4 cm/yr or less; bone age, two or more years behind chronological age, normal findings from provocative GH tests (peak, greater than or equal to 10 ng/mL), low somatomedin-C level, and abnormal 24-hour GH secretory patterns. When compared with controls, both children with GH neurosecretory dysfunction and GH-deficient patients had a significant decrease in parameters relating to the total GH secretion during the 24-hour period. As with GH-deficient children, the group with GH neurosecretory dysfunction more than doubled their growth velocity after replacement therapy with exogenous human GH during the first year of treatment. As a result of these detailed studies on pulsatile GH secretion, we suggest that there is a spectrum of GH secretory abnormalities from absolute deficiency to an intermittent irregularity in GH secretion.
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              HRE
              Horm Res Paediatr
              10.1159/issn.1663-2818
              Hormone Research in Paediatrics
              S. Karger AG
              1663-2818
              1663-2826
              1998
              May 1998
              03 April 1998
              : 49
              : 5
              : 216-220
              Affiliations
              Sections of Pediatric Endocrinology/Diabetology and Metabolism/Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indiana University Medical Center, Indianapolis, Ind., USA
              Article
              23174 Horm Res 1998;49:216–220
              10.1159/000023174
              9568805
              © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 21, Pages: 5
              Categories
              Original Paper

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