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      Eficacia del ácido ursodesoxicólico en el tratamiento de la enfermedad hepática grasa no alcohólica Translated title: Efficacy of ursodeoxycholic acid in the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

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          Abstract

          Introducción: La enfermedad hepática grasa no alcohólica (EHGNA), tiene una prevalencia del 10 % al 24 % en la población general, con una historia natural poco conocida para poder establecer sus opciones terapéuticas. El ácido ursodosoxicólico (AUDC) es una droga utilizada en enfermedades hepáticas colestásicas, la cual tiene un efecto citoprotector en la EHGNA, en donde el estrés oxidativo es uno de los mecanismos fisiopatológicos. Objetivos: evaluar la eficacia del AUDC para mejorar los valores de aminotransferasas (ALT) en un tiempo determinado. Pacientes y métodos: se realizó un estudio prospectivo, experimental, incluyendo aquellos sujetos con aumento de ALT que acudieron a la consulta de centro privado entre enero 2009 - diciembre 2011, se les indicó AUDC a 13 mg/Kg/día por 12 semanas. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó la prueba de Kolmogorov- Smirnov con un nivel de significancia del 99 % y Chi2 con un nivel de significancia del 95 %. Resultados: del total de los casos n=53, 55 % (n=29) perteneció al sexo femenino con una media de edad de 47,1 años (DS ±13,7 años). Al comparar los promedios de ALT antes y después del tratamiento del total de la muestra, se obtuvo una media 122,3 U/L y 64,7 U/L respectivamente, siendo estas diferencias significativas (p<0,001). Al comparar según sexo, hubo diferencias significativas tanto para el femenino en los promedios ALT antes y después del tratamiento: 110,9 U/L y 53,13 U/L, como en el sexo masculino 136 U/L y 78,7 U/L respectivamente, p<0,001. Existe una relación entre las variables y tiempo de tratamiento, observándose diferencias significativas al comparar los valores de ALT a las 4,8 y 12 semanas con 34,8 %, 30 % y 80 % respectivamente, siendo mayor a las 12 semanas, p<0,05. Conclusión: en nuestro estudio se pudo determinar que el AUDC en un tiempo establecido, mostro ser eficaz para la reducción de los niveles de ALT.

          Translated abstract

          Introduction: Estimated prevalence of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NALFD) ranges from 10 % to 24 % of the general population. The history natural is poorly unknown for focused therapeutic options. Ursodeoxycholic Acid (UDCA) has long been used in the chronic cholestatic liver diseases, in NALFD believed to have cytoprotective properties and may help to reduce oxidative stress. Objetive: to know the efficacy of UDCA for improvement the serum aminotransferase levels (ALT). Patients and Methods: a prospective, experimental study was performed between january 2009 and december 2011 all patients with elevated ALT were included received UDCA 13 mg/kg/daily for 12 weeks. Analyses were conducted using Kolmogorov-Smirnov and chi-squared test with p<0,001 and p<0,05 was considered as the level of significance respectively. Results: a total of 53 patients, 55 % were female with a mean of 47,1 years old (DS±13,7 years). To compare the mean of ALT among the patients underwent starting treatment before and after was 122,3 U/L y 64,7 U/L respectively and statistically significant p<0,001 and the mean of ALT female gender was rate of response showed difference in patients 110,9 U/L y 53,13 U/L and male gender was 136 U/L y 78,7 U/L before and after UDCA was statistically significant p<0,001. Rate of response did differ in patients treated with UDCA 4, 8 and 12 weeks was 34,8 %, 30 % y 80 % respectively being statistically significant p<0,05 % at 12 weeks. Conclusion: at the present study we determined that UDCA was effective, in a given time, for improvement the serum aminotransferase levels.

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          Treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

          Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is common and may progress to cirrhosis and its complications. The pathogenesis of steatosis and cellular injury is thought to be related mostly to insulin resistance and oxidative stress. Therefore, management entails identification and treatment of metabolic risk factors, improving insulin sensitivity, and increasing antioxidant defences in the liver. Weight loss and exercise improve insulin sensitivity. Bariatric surgery may improve liver histology in patients with morbid obesity. Insulin sensitising drugs showed promise in pilot trials as have a number of hepatoprotective agents. Further randomised, well controlled trials are required to determine the efficacy of these drugs.
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            Management of fatty liver disease with vitamin E and C compared to ursodeoxycholic acid treatment.

            Despite a proposed role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, antioxidant approaches have not been investigated sufficiently in the therapy of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Our aim was to determine whether vitamin E plus C therapy is effective in normalization of liver enzymes compared to ursodeoxycholic acid treatment in patients with fatty liver disease. This was an open-labeled, prospective, randomized study enrolling patients with histologically proven fatty liver disease who had chronically elevated alanine aminotransferase, despite a three-month reducing diet. Patients consuming alcohol (more than 20 g/day) were excluded. The patients were randomly prescribed either oral vitamin E (600 IU/day) plus vitamin C (500 mg/day) or ursodeoxycholic acid (10 mg/kg/day). Patients were randomized as two groups to receive vitamin E plus vitamin C combination (28 patients, 10 F) or ursodeoxycholic acid treatment (29 patients, 13 F). There was no significant change in body mass index before and after the treatment in both groups. At the end of six months of therapy, serum aspartate aminotransferase and aminotransferase levels significantly decreased in both treatment options. Vitamin E and C combination was more efficacious on serum aminotransferase levels than ursodeoxycholic acid, but the difference was not significant. Alanine aminotransferase decreased to normal levels in 17 of 27 (63%) and in 16 of 29 patients (55%), respectively, in the two groups. Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase decreased in patients receiving ursodeoxycholic acid, but no change was obtained in the vitamin-treated patients. Vitamin E plus C combination treatment is a safe, inexpensive and effective treatment option in patients with fatty liver disease, with results comparable to those obtained with ursodeoxycholic acid. Since more effective new therapeutic options are lacking, patients with fatty liver disease should be encouraged to take vitamin E and C supplements, which are safe and affordable.
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              Treatment regimens for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

              With the growing epidemic of obesity and diabetes, more attention has been placed on metabolic syndrome and its associated hepatic manifestation, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Within the spectrum of clinico-pathologic conditions known as NAFLD, only a minority of patients has the histological features characteristic of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which has the potential to progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Therefore, diagnosis and therapy should target patients with NASH. Current treatment recommendations include weight loss and the reversal of other components of metabolic syndrome, but several other treatment modalities are under investigation. To date, no pharmacologic treatment has been reliably shown to be effective for NASH. This article reviews all available treatment modalities, including lifestyle changes, bariatric surgery, weight loss medications, insulin sensitizers, lipid lowering agents, antioxidants, cytoprotective agents, and other novel treatments.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                gen
                Gen
                Gen
                Sociedad Venezolana de Gastroentereología (Caracas )
                0016-3503
                December 2012
                : 66
                : 4
                : 224-227
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Centro Médico Dr. Rafael Guerra Méndez Venezuela
                [2 ] Ciudad Hospitalaria Dr. Enrique Tejera (CHET) Venezuela
                Article
                S0016-35032012000400003
                dedfc71e-028b-44e1-af14-c574b80374cb

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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                SciELO Venezuela

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.ve/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0016-3503&lng=en

                Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease,Ursodeoxycholic Acid,Aminotransferase,Enfermedad Hepática Grasa no Alcohólica,Ácido Ursodesoxicólico,Aminotransferasas

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