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      Cardiac Hypertrophy in the Prague- Hypertensive Rat Is Associated with Enhanced JNK2 but not ERK Tissue Activity

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          Abstract

          Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are important intracellular mediators for proliferation and hypertrophy and therefore may also regulate cardiomyoblast growth in hypertensive heart disease. Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine the activities of MAP kinases, namely extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1,2, c-Jun NH<sub>2</sub>-terminal kinases (JNK)1,2 and p38 MAP kinase, in myocardial tissue of 12-week-old Prague normotensive (PNR) and hypertensive rats (PHR), a model of genetic hypertension with marked cardiac hypertrophy. Systolic blood pressure was 121 ± 5 in PNR and 208 ± 15 mm Hg in PHR (p < 0.01). Total heart weight was 247 ± 4 in PNR vs. 316 ± 4 mg/100 g body weight in PHR (p < 0.01). Left and right ventricular weights were 121 ± 5 and 53 ± 3 in PNR vs. 168 ± 4 (p < 0.01) and 57 ± 2 mg/100 g body weight (n.s.) in PHR. Using anti-ERK2 Western blot analysis as well as immunocomplex ERK activity assay, we found no activation of ERK2 in left or right ventricular tissue of PHR and PNR. Similary, p38 MAP kinase phosphorylation and activity were not detectable. In contrast, Western blot analysis using antiphospho-JNK antibodies revealed in myocardial tissue of right and left ventricles significantly greater phosphorylation of JNK2 in PHR than in PNR. This finding was confirmed by immunocomplex JNK activity assay using ATF-2 as substrate, which demonstrated a significant increase in JNK activity in the left ventricle of PHR as compared to PNR (6.4 ± 1.5 vs. 2.5 ± 0.5 OD; each n = 5; p < 0.05). In conclusion, cardiac JNK2 seems to be regulated differently from ERK2 in this rat model. In PHR, as compared to PNR, we found enhanced activity of JNK2 in the left and right ventricles suggesting that JNK2 is involved in hypertensive cardiac disease. The rise in JNK in both ventricles may result indirectly from humoral stimuli, e.g., endothelin-1 and/or angiotensin II, and may contribute to ventricular hypertrophy in this model of spontaneous hypertension.

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          Most cited references 6

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          Autocrine release of angiotensin II mediates stretch-induced hypertrophy of cardiac myocytes in vitro.

          Hypertrophy is a fundamental adaptive process employed by postmitotic cardiac and skeletal muscle in response to mechanical load. How muscle cells convert mechanical stimuli into growth signals has been a long-standing question. Using an in vitro model of load (stretch)-induced cardiac hypertrophy, we demonstrate that mechanical stretch causes release of angiotensin II (Ang II) from cardiac myocytes and that Ang II acts as an initial mediator of the stretch-induced hypertrophic response. The results not only provide direct evidence for the autocrine mechanism in load-induced growth of cardiac muscle cells, but also define the pathophysiological role of the local (cardiac) renin-angiotensin system.
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            The MAP kinase cascade is essential for diverse signal transduction pathways.

            Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are activated by combined tyrosine and threonine phosphorylation catalysed by MAP kinase kinase, a novel class of protein kinases with dual specificity for both tyrosine and serine/threonine. MAP kinase kinase is turned on by serine/threonine phosphorylation catalysed by an immediate upstream kinase. The MAP kinase cascade appears to be conserved during evolution and thus might play an essential role in diverse intracellular signaling processes from yeasts to vertebrates.
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              Sounding the Alarm: Protein Kinase Cascades Activated by Stress and Inflammation

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                KBR
                Kidney Blood Press Res
                10.1159/issn.1420-4096
                Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
                S. Karger AG
                1420-4096
                1423-0143
                2001
                2001
                24 January 2001
                : 24
                : 1
                : 52-56
                Affiliations
                aRenal Section, Medical Policlinic, University of Bonn, Germany, and bDepartment of Experimental Medicine, Institute of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic
                Article
                54206 Kidney Blood Press Res 2001;24:52–56
                10.1159/000054206
                11174007
                © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, References: 20, Pages: 5
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/54206
                Categories
                Original Paper

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