Objective The influence of BMI and gender on Function Movement Screens (FMS) was analyzed to provide objective basis for improving physical quality and prevention of sports injuries among adolescents.
Methods A total of 676 junior middle school students aged between 11 and 14 in grade 2 selected from a middle school in Beijing, were grouped by sex for FMS total score comparison. FMS scores of male and female students were compared according to body mass index (BMI). The 7 movements of FMS were compared and analyzed by male and female groups respectively. The influence of gender on FMS and the relationship between BMI and FMS were explored to seek the features of FMS in Chinese adolescents.
Results FMS scores of male and female students in the BMI standard group were significantly higher than those of the super-recombination group ( P<0.01); there was no significant difference in FMS scores between the standard group and the low weight group. BMI score was negatively correlated with FMS score, and the r value of boys was –0.27; for girls, the r value was –0.18 ( P<0.05). The total FMS score of male group was significantly lower than that of female group, which was (13.09±2.17) for male group and (13.91±1.79) for female group ( t = –5.31, P<0.01). In comparison between men and women on each FMS test, there were significant differences in all categories except for the stability of trunk rotation( P<0.05).
Conclusion Combined with BMI, FMS score can objectively reflect the overall athletic ability of adolescents. There were gender differences in FMS total score and individual score. FMS score can be used as a supplementary reference for physical fitness test of middle school students.
【摘要】 目的 分析体质量指数 (BMI)、性别因素对青少年功能动作筛査 (function movement screens, FMS) 的影响, 为提 髙青少年身体素质和运动损伤预防提供客观依据。 方法 选取北京某中学初二年级 11~14 岁中学生 676 名, 按性别分组 进行 FMS 总分比较;男女生分别按照BMI 分组进行 FMS 总分比较; FMS 的 7 个动作分别进行性别间比较及分析。探讨性 别对 FMS 的影响、 BMI 与 FMS 关系, 寻求青少年 FMS 特点。 结果 男女生 BMI 标准组 FMS 评分均髙于超重组 ( P 值均< 0.01), 而标准组与低体重组间 FMS 评分差异无统计学意义 ( P>0.05); BMI 和 FMS 评分呈负相关 (男生 r 值为–0.27, 女生 为–0.18, P 值均<0.05); FMS 总分男生组[(13.09±2.17)分]低于女生组[(13.91±1.79)分]( t = –5.31, P<0.01); FMS 各单项 测试的男女比较中, 除了躯干旋转稳定性外, 其他各项性别组间差异均有统计学意义 ( P值均<0.05)。 结论 青少年 FMS 总评分及单项评分存在性别差异性。结合 BMI 指标, FMS 评分能较为客观地反映青少年的整体运动能力, 可作为中学生 体质测试的补充参考。