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      Perceived discrimination and health: a meta-analytic review.

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          Abstract

          Perceived discrimination has been studied with regard to its impact on several types of health effects. This meta-analysis provides a comprehensive account of the relationships between multiple forms of perceived discrimination and both mental and physical health outcomes. In addition, this meta-analysis examines potential mechanisms by which perceiving discrimination may affect health, including through psychological and physiological stress responses and health behaviors. Analysis of 134 samples suggests that when weighting each study's contribution by sample size, perceived discrimination has a significant negative effect on both mental and physical health. Perceived discrimination also produces significantly heightened stress responses and is related to participation in unhealthy and nonparticipation in healthy behaviors. These findings suggest potential pathways linking perceived discrimination to negative health outcomes.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Psychol Bull
          Psychological bulletin
          American Psychological Association (APA)
          0033-2909
          0033-2909
          Jul 2009
          : 135
          : 4
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708-0086, USA. eapascoe@gmail.com
          Article
          2009-09537-003 NIHMS134591
          10.1037/a0016059
          2747726
          19586161
          df254be2-48ce-478b-ae78-ff9abfc7a61e
          Copyright (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved.

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