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      Nanomedicine awareness among medical students in Saudi Arabia

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          Abstract

          Objectives

          The study’s aim was to assess the medical students’ knowledge and understanding of concepts related to basic nanotechnology and its applications in nanomedicine among medical students at King Saud University.

          Methods

          An observational cross-sectional study was carried out by using an online questionnaire that was sent to all the medical students studying at King Saud University during the summer of 2016 July–August. The sample size of the study was 162 medical students. The questionnaire consisted of 11 items, including both fixed and free answer-type questions. The questionnaire was sent to 1413 medical students, with a response percentage of 8.72%.

          Results

          Students’ perception of the basic nanotechnology was assessed, 63.0% ( n = 102) of the students identified the correct definition of nanoparticle size. Unfortunately, only 40.7% ( n = 66) of the students heard about nanomedicine. Most of the information sources where from university 25.3%, 24.1% from internet, and 11% from television. 81.8% of our medical students, had little knowledge about the risk-benefits of nanomedicine. Interestingly, about 72.8% ( n = 118) of the students think that nanotechnology is not effectively used in the medical field.

          Conclusion

          Medical students at king Saud university, showed that they have inadequate knowledge about nanotechnology and its applications in nanomedicine. Nanomedicine education should be implemented in the curriculum of the medical colleges in Saudi Arabia, to improve the awareness and future involvement in nanomedicine.

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          Most cited references9

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          Perceptions of risk from nanotechnologies and trust in stakeholders: a cross sectional study of public, academic, government and business attitudes

          Background Policy makers and regulators are constantly required to make decisions despite the existence of substantial uncertainty regarding the outcomes of their proposed decisions. Understanding stakeholder views is an essential part of addressing this uncertainty, which provides insight into the possible social reactions and tolerance of unpredictable risks. In the field of nanotechnology, large uncertainties exist regarding the real and perceived risks this technology may have on society. Better evidence is needed to confront this issue. Methods We undertook a computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) survey of the Australian public and a parallel survey of those involved in nanotechnology from the academic, business and government sectors. Analysis included comparisons of proportions and logistic regression techniques. We explored perceptions of nanotechnology risks both to health and in a range of products. We examined views on four trust actors. Results The general public’s perception of risk was significantly higher than that expressed by other stakeholders. The public bestows less trust in certain trust actors than do academics or government officers, giving its greatest trust to scientists. Higher levels of public trust were generally associated with lower perceptions of risk. Nanotechnology in food and cosmetics/sunscreens were considered riskier applications irrespective of stakeholder, while familiarity with nanotechnology was associated with a reduced risk perception. Conclusions Policy makers should consider the disparities in risk and trust perceptions between the public and influential stakeholders, placing greater emphasis on risk communication and the uncertainties of risk assessment in these areas of higher concern. Scientists being the highest trusted group are well placed to communicate the risks of nanotechnologies to the public. Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1795-1) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
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            Awareness on adverse effects of nanotechnology increases negative perception among public: survey study from Singapore

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              Perceptions of Nano Ethics among Practitioners in a Developing Country: A Case of India

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                malhaddab@gmail.com , +966114691426
                Journal
                566
                Nanopages
                An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nano Science and Technology
                Nanopages
                Akadémiai Kiadó
                1787-4033
                1788-0718
                December 2018
                : 13
                : 1
                : 19-27
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ]College of Medicine,King Saud University , Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                [ 2 ]Department of Dermatology,King Saud University , Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
                Author notes
                [*]

                Corresponding author, Dermatology Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, P.O. Box 7805 (82), Riyadh, 11472 Saudi Arabia. Tel: +966114691426, Email: malhaddab@ 123456gmail.com

                Article
                10.1556/566.2018.0024
                df346165-d55c-4d19-98e7-e03dce8850bd
                The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited, a link to the CC License is provided, and changes – if any – are indicated.

                History
                : 23 October 2017
                : 23 March 2018
                : 22 April 2018
                Page count
                Pages: 9

                Materials properties,Nanomaterials,Chemistry,Nanotechnology,Analytical chemistry,Thin films & surfaces
                nanomedicine,medical education,medical students,Saudi Arabia,nanotechnology awareness

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