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      A Study on Supply–Demand Satisfaction of Community-Based Senior Care Combined with the Psychological Perception of the Elderly

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          Abstract

          Based on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and customer satisfaction theory, we constructed a satisfaction model for supply–demand satisfaction for community-based senior care (SSCSC) combined with the psychological perspective of the elderly, and four dimensions of basic living needs (BLNs), living environment (LE), personal traits (PTs), and livability for the aged (LA) were selected to construct the model. The data were obtained from 296 questionnaires from seniors over 50 years old (or completed by relatives on their behalf, according to their actual situation). Twenty-two observed variables were selected for the five latent variables, and their interactions were explored using structural equation modeling. The results showed that LA was the most significant factor influencing SSCSC, and it was followed by BLNs and LE. PTs did not show a direct effect on LA, but they could have an indirect effect on SSCSC through influencing BLNs and LE. Based on the current state of community aging satisfaction, we propose to establish a community elderly care service system based on the basic needs of the elderly population, providing differentiated and refined elderly care services and improving the level of aging-friendly communities. This study provides references for the government to formulate relevant policies and other supply entities to make strategic decisions and has important implications for further enhancing community elderly services to become an important part of the social security system for the elderly.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: Academic Editor
                Journal
                Healthcare (Basel)
                Healthcare (Basel)
                healthcare
                Healthcare
                MDPI
                2227-9032
                29 May 2021
                June 2021
                : 9
                : 6
                : 643
                Affiliations
                School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China; 84067@ 123456tongji.edu.cn (J.S.); 2030380@ 123456tongji.edu.cn (W.H.); xukeup@ 123456tongji.edu.cn (K.X.); xuquanwei613@ 123456tongji.edu.cn (Q.X.)
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: tdzhong@ 123456tongji.edu.cn
                Article
                healthcare-09-00643
                10.3390/healthcare9060643
                8229548
                34072401
                df3d7d3c-d935-4c4a-8ded-bdb021932f98
                © 2021 by the authors.

                Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

                History
                : 27 April 2021
                : 25 May 2021
                Categories
                Article

                community-based senior care,supply–demand satisfaction,sem,psychological perception

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