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Consumo excessivo de álcool, tabagismo e fatores associados em amostra representativa de graduandos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, 2012: estudo transversal Translated title: Excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, and associated factors in a representative sample of undergraduate students from the Federal University of Santa Catarina, 2012: a cross-sectional study Translated title: Consumo excesivo de alcohol, tabaquismo y factores asociados en muestra representativa de graduandos de la Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina, 2012: estudio transversal

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      Abstract

      OBJETIVO: estimar a prevalência do consumo excessivo de álcool, do tabagismo e seus fatores associados. MÉTODOS: estudo transversal com amostra representativa de 1.264 graduandos da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), em 2012. Tabagismo (consumo de 1+ cigarros/dia no último mês), consumo excessivo de álcool (escore 8+, segundo o Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) e demais fatores foram coletados por meio de questionário autopreenchível. RESULTADOS: a prevalência de consumo excessivo de álcool foi 32,5% (IC95%: 27,3 a 38,3), e 5,9% (IC95%: 2,6 a 13,1) fumavam. O consumo excessivo de álcool associou-se à maior classificação econômica e a frequentar cursos dos Centros de Ciências Jurídicas, de Filosofia/Humanas e de Educação. O tabagismo foi mais frequente entre estudantes dos mesmos centros e ingressantes pelo vestibular tradicional, em comparação com os que ingressaram por meio de ações afirmativas. CONCLUSÃO: embora a frequência de tabagismo seja baixa, a prevalência de consumo excessivo de álcool foi elevada e semelhante àquela observada em outras instituições.

      Translated abstract

      OBJECTIVE: to estimate excessive drinking and cigarette smoking prevalence and associated factors. METHODS: this was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2012 with a representative sample of 1,264 Federal University of Santa Catarina students. Smoking (use of 1+ cigarettes/day in the previous month), excessive drinking (8+ score, according to the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) and other factors were assessed with a self-completed questionnaire. RESULTS: 32.5% (95%CI27.3-38.3) drank excessively and5.9% (95%CI 2.6-13.1) were smokers. Wealthier respondents and those attending Humanities/Social Sciences, Law, Philosophy and Education undergraduate courses were more likely to be excessive drinkers. Smokers were more frequent among students from the same undergraduate courses and among those entering university through traditional entrance examinations, when compared to those entering via equal opportunities policies. CONCLUSION: smoking was low, but excessive drinking was high, consistent with results found at other higher education institutions.

      Translated abstract

      OBJETIVO: estimar la prevalencia del consumo excesivo de alcohol, del tabaquismo y sus factores asociados. MÉTODOS: estudio transversal con muestra representativa de 1.264 graduandos de la Universidad Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), en 2012. Tabaquismo (consumo de 1+ cigarrillos/día en el último mes), consumo excesivo de alcohol (calificación 8+, según el Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) y demás factores se recolectaron a través de un cuestionario auto completado. RESULTADOS: la prevalencia de consumo excesivo de alcohol fue de 32,5% (IC95% 27,3; 38,3), y un 5,9% (IC95% 2,6; 13,1) fumaba. El consumo excesivo de alcohol se asoció a una mayor clasificación económica y a frecuentadores de cursos de los Centros de Ciencias Jurídicas, de Filosofía/Humanas y de Educación. El tabaquismo fue más frecuente entre estudiantes de los mismos centros y que ingresaron por medio de vestibular tradicional, en comparación a los que ingresaron por medio de acciones afirmativas. CONCLUSIÓN: aunque la frecuencia de tabaquismo sea baja, la prevalencia de consumo excesivo de alcohol fue elevada y semejante a la observada en otras instituciones.

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      Most cited references 65

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          Surveying the damage: a review of research on consequences of alcohol misuse in college populations.

          This article provides a review and synthesis of professional research literature on the types, extent and patterns of negative consequences produced by students' misuse of alcohol in college populations based on survey research conducted during the last two decades. Considerable evidence is available documenting a wide range of damage by some students' drinking done to themselves as well as to other individuals, although some types of consequences remain speculative. Damage and costs to institutions are likely to be substantial, but this claim remains largely an inference based on current studies. Drinking by males compared with that of females produces more consequences for self and others that involve public deviance, whereas females' drinking contributes equally with males to consequences that are personal and relatively private. Research on racial/ethnic background, time trends and developmental stages reveals patterns in student data on consequences of drinking, but these data are very limited in the literature. Evidence suggests there is only a modest correlation between students' self-perception of having a drinking problem and the many negative consequences of drinking that are reported.
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            Author and article information

            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            ress
            Epidemiologia e Serviços de Saúde
            Epidemiol. Serv. Saúde
            Ministério da Saúde do Brasil (Brasília )
            1679-4974
            September 2014
            : 23
            : 3
            : 435-446
            S2237-96222014000300435
            10.5123/S1679-49742014000300006

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            Health Care Sciences & Services
            Health Policy & Services

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