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      A case-control study on family environment characteristics of accident-prone children

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          Abstract

          Objective: The purpose of the current study was to determine the family environment characteristics of accident-prone children, and the influencing factors to provide a reference for accident prevention and intervention for these children.

          Methods: One hundred forty-seven cases of accident-prone children were screened out from a cross-sectional survey as the case group, and another 147 cases of non-accidentally-injured children served as the control group. The Chinese version of the Family Environment Scale (FES-CV) was applied to evaluate the family environment characteristics of subjects from both groups.

          Results: The incidence of accident-prone children was 9.42%. Comparing the scores of all factors in the FES-CV, the contradiction score of the case group was higher than the control group, while the scores of other factors was lower than the control group. Differences between the two groups with respect to intimacy, emotional expression, contradiction, independence, and success scores were statistically significant, but differences in informative and entertaining scores were not. Differences with respect to family type, financial status, education, guardian, age of guardian, marital status, and health status were statistically significant. As revealed by regression analysis, intimacy (OR=0.530), emotional expression (OR=0.749), and independence (OR=0.732) were protective factors for accident proneness, while rigorous education (OR=2.101) and indulgence or indifference/violence (OR=7.629) were risk factors for accident proneness.

          Conclusion: Family environment influence child accident proneness, thus preventive interventions should be provided according to the characteristics of the family environment.

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          Most cited references 13

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          Injury epidemiology

           SY Wang (2003)
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            Analysis on risk factors of recurrent unintentional injuries among middle school students

             YP Fan,  YH Sun,  Y. Zhang (2003)
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              Drivers and accident-prone children

               HQ Jin,  WY Zou (1996)
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                FMCH
                Family Medicine and Community Health
                FMCH
                Family Medicine and Community Health & American Chinese Medical Education Association (USA )
                xxx-xxx
                2305-6983
                December 2014
                December 2014
                : 2
                : 4
                : 26-31
                Affiliations
                1School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, P.R. China
                Author notes
                CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Leshan Zhou, School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410013, P.R. China, E-mail: leshanzhou@ 123456qq.com
                Article
                fmch20140132
                10.15212/FMCH.2014.0132
                Copyright © 2014 Family Medicine and Community Health

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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                Self URI (journal page): http://fmch-journal.org/
                Categories
                Original Research

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