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      Lutheran blood group glycoprotein and its newly characterized mouse homologue specifically bind alpha5 chain-containing human laminin with high affinity.

      Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Binding Sites, Chromosome Mapping, Conserved Sequence, Erythrocyte Membrane, metabolism, Humans, K562 Cells, Laminin, Lutheran Blood-Group System, chemistry, Mice, Mice, Knockout, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Binding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Receptors, Laminin, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Sequence Alignment, Sequence Homology, Transfection

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          Lutheran blood group glycoproteins (Lu gps) are receptors for the extracellular matrix protein, laminin. Studies suggest that Lu gps may contribute to vaso-occlusion in sickle cell disease and it has recently been shown that sickle cells adhere to laminin isoforms containing the alpha5 chain (laminin 10/11). Laminin alpha5 is present in the subendothelium and is also a constituent of bone marrow sinusoids, suggesting a role for the Lu/laminin interaction in erythropoiesis. The objectives of the current study were to define more precisely the molecular interactions of the extracellular and intracellular regions of human Lu and to clone and characterize a mouse homologue. To this end, complementary DNA and genomic clones for the mouse homologue were sequenced and the mouse Lu gene mapped to a region on chromosome 7 with conserved synteny with human 19q13.2. Mouse and human Lu gps are highly conserved (72% identity) at the amino acid sequence level and both mouse and human Lu gps specifically bind laminin 10/11 with high affinity. Furthermore, the first 3, N-terminal, immunoglobulin superfamily domains of human Lu are critical for this interaction. The results indicated that the cytoplasmic domain of BRIC 221-labeled human Lu gp is linked with the spectrin-based skeleton, affording the speculation that this interaction may be critical for signal transduction. These results further support a role for Lu gps in sickle cell disease and indicate the utility of mouse models to explore the function of Lu gp-laminin 10/11 interaction in normal erythropoiesis and in sickle cell disease.

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